In order to assess the combined and separate effects of pancreas and kidney transplant on whole-body protein metabolism, 9 insulin-dependent diabetic-uremic patients (IDDUP), 14 patients after combined kidney-pancreas transplantation (KP-Tx), and 6 insulin-dependent diabetic patients with isolated kidney transplant (K-Tx), were studied in the basal postabsorptive state and during euglycemic hyperinsulinemia (study 1). [1-C-14]Leucine infusion and indirect calorimetry were utilized to assess leucine metabolism. The subjects were studied again with a combined infusion of insulin and amino acids, given to mimic postprandial amino acid levels (study 2). In the basal state, IDDUP demonstrated with respect to normal subjects (CON): (a) higher free-insulin concentration (17.8+/-2.8 vs. 6.8+/-1.1 mu U/ml, P < 0.01) (107+/-17 vs. 41+/-7 pM); (b) reduced plasma leucine (92+/-9 vs. 124+/-2 mu M, P < 0.05), branched chain amino acids (BCAA) (297+/-34 vs. 416+/-10 mu M, P < 0.05), endogenous leucine flux (ELF) (28.7+/-0.8 vs. 39.5+/-0.7 mu mol.m(-2).min(-1), P < 0.01) and nonoxidative leucine disposal (NOLD) (20.7+/-0.2 vs. 32.0+/-0.7 mu mol.m(-2).min(-1), P < 0.01); (c) similar leucine oxidation (LO) (8.0+/-0.1 vs. 7.5+/-0.1 mu mol.m(-2).min(-1); P = NS). Both W-Tx and K-Tx patients showed a complete normalization of plasma leucine (116+/-5 and 107+/-9 mu M), ELF (38.1+/-0.1 and 38.5+/-0.9 mu mol.m(-2).min(-1)), and NOLD (28.3+/-0.6 and 31.0+/-1.3 mu mol.m(-2).min(-1)) (P = NS vs. CON). During hyperinsulinemia (study 1), IDDUP showed a defective decrease of leucine (42% vs. 53%; P < 0.05), BCAA (38% vs. 47%, P < 0.05), ELF (28% vs. 33%, P < 0.05), and LO (0% vs. 32%, P < 0.05) with respect to CON. Isolated kidney transplant reverted the defective inhibition of ELF (34%, P = NS vs. CON) of IDDUP, but not the inhibition of LO (18%, P < 0.05 vs. CON) by insulin. Combined kidney and pancreas transplantation normalized all kinetic parameters of insulin-mediated protein turnover. During combined hyperinsulinemia and hyperaminoacidemia (study 2), IDDUP showed a defective stimulation of NOLD (27.9+/-0.7 vs. 36.1+/-0.8 mu Lmol.m(-2).min(-1), P < 0.01 compared to CON), which was normalized by transplantation (44.3+/-0.8 mu Lmol.m(-2).min(-1)).

Combined pancreas and kidney transplantation normalizes protein metabolism in insulin-dependent diabetic-uremic patients / L. Luzi, A. Battezzati, G. Perseghin, E. Bianchi, I. Terruzzi, D. Spotti, S. Vergani, A. Secchi, E. La Rocca, G. Ferrari, C. Staudacher, R. Castoldi, V. Di Carlo, G. Pozza. - In: THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0021-9738. - 93:5(1994), pp. 1948-1958. [10.1172/JCI117186]

Combined pancreas and kidney transplantation normalizes protein metabolism in insulin-dependent diabetic-uremic patients

L. Luzi;A. Battezzati;G. Perseghin;I. Terruzzi;A. Secchi;C. Staudacher;
1994

Abstract

In order to assess the combined and separate effects of pancreas and kidney transplant on whole-body protein metabolism, 9 insulin-dependent diabetic-uremic patients (IDDUP), 14 patients after combined kidney-pancreas transplantation (KP-Tx), and 6 insulin-dependent diabetic patients with isolated kidney transplant (K-Tx), were studied in the basal postabsorptive state and during euglycemic hyperinsulinemia (study 1). [1-C-14]Leucine infusion and indirect calorimetry were utilized to assess leucine metabolism. The subjects were studied again with a combined infusion of insulin and amino acids, given to mimic postprandial amino acid levels (study 2). In the basal state, IDDUP demonstrated with respect to normal subjects (CON): (a) higher free-insulin concentration (17.8+/-2.8 vs. 6.8+/-1.1 mu U/ml, P < 0.01) (107+/-17 vs. 41+/-7 pM); (b) reduced plasma leucine (92+/-9 vs. 124+/-2 mu M, P < 0.05), branched chain amino acids (BCAA) (297+/-34 vs. 416+/-10 mu M, P < 0.05), endogenous leucine flux (ELF) (28.7+/-0.8 vs. 39.5+/-0.7 mu mol.m(-2).min(-1), P < 0.01) and nonoxidative leucine disposal (NOLD) (20.7+/-0.2 vs. 32.0+/-0.7 mu mol.m(-2).min(-1), P < 0.01); (c) similar leucine oxidation (LO) (8.0+/-0.1 vs. 7.5+/-0.1 mu mol.m(-2).min(-1); P = NS). Both W-Tx and K-Tx patients showed a complete normalization of plasma leucine (116+/-5 and 107+/-9 mu M), ELF (38.1+/-0.1 and 38.5+/-0.9 mu mol.m(-2).min(-1)), and NOLD (28.3+/-0.6 and 31.0+/-1.3 mu mol.m(-2).min(-1)) (P = NS vs. CON). During hyperinsulinemia (study 1), IDDUP showed a defective decrease of leucine (42% vs. 53%; P < 0.05), BCAA (38% vs. 47%, P < 0.05), ELF (28% vs. 33%, P < 0.05), and LO (0% vs. 32%, P < 0.05) with respect to CON. Isolated kidney transplant reverted the defective inhibition of ELF (34%, P = NS vs. CON) of IDDUP, but not the inhibition of LO (18%, P < 0.05 vs. CON) by insulin. Combined kidney and pancreas transplantation normalized all kinetic parameters of insulin-mediated protein turnover. During combined hyperinsulinemia and hyperaminoacidemia (study 2), IDDUP showed a defective stimulation of NOLD (27.9+/-0.7 vs. 36.1+/-0.8 mu Lmol.m(-2).min(-1), P < 0.01 compared to CON), which was normalized by transplantation (44.3+/-0.8 mu Lmol.m(-2).min(-1)).
Diabetes mellitus; uremia; kidney translant; kidney-pancreas transplant; protein turnover
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/809656
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