Selective ß2-agonists have been imputed as potential cause of l-hyperlactatemia since the 1970s. To document the prevalence of hyperlactatemia associated with selective ß2-agonists and to investigate the predisposing factors, we searched for published articles until April 2019 pertaining to the interplay of administration of selective ß2-agonists and circulating l-lactic acid in the Excerpta Medica, Web of Science, and the U.S. National Library of Medicine databases. Out of the 1834 initially retrieved records, 56 articles were included: 42 papers reporting individual cases, 2 observational studies, and 12 clinical trials. Forty-seven individual patients receiving a selective ß2-agonist were found to have l-lactatemia ≥5.0 mmol/L, which decreased by ≥3.0 mmol/L or to ≤2.5 mmol/L after discontinuing (N = 24), reducing (N = 17) or without modifying the dosage of the selective ß2-agonist (N = 6). Clinical trials found that l-lactic acid significantly increased in healthy volunteers administered a ß2-agonist. l-lactatemia ≥5.0 mmol/L was observed in 103 (24%) out of 426 patients with asthma or preterm labor managed with a selective ß2-agonist and was more common in patients with asthma (30%) than in premature labor (5.9%). A significant relationship was also noted between l-lactate level and intravenous albuterol dose or its circulating level. In conclusion, relevant l-hyperlactatemia is common on high dose treatment with a selective ß2-agonist.

Selective ß2-Adrenoceptor Agonists and Relevant Hyperlactatemia : Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis / A.G. Liedtke, S.A.G. Lava, G.P. Milani, C. Agostoni, V. Gilardi, M.G. Bianchetti, G. Treglia, P.B. Faré. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:1(2019 Dec 27), pp. 71.1-71.12. [10.3390/jcm9010071]

Selective ß2-Adrenoceptor Agonists and Relevant Hyperlactatemia : Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

G.P. Milani
;
C. Agostoni;
2019

Abstract

Selective ß2-agonists have been imputed as potential cause of l-hyperlactatemia since the 1970s. To document the prevalence of hyperlactatemia associated with selective ß2-agonists and to investigate the predisposing factors, we searched for published articles until April 2019 pertaining to the interplay of administration of selective ß2-agonists and circulating l-lactic acid in the Excerpta Medica, Web of Science, and the U.S. National Library of Medicine databases. Out of the 1834 initially retrieved records, 56 articles were included: 42 papers reporting individual cases, 2 observational studies, and 12 clinical trials. Forty-seven individual patients receiving a selective ß2-agonist were found to have l-lactatemia ≥5.0 mmol/L, which decreased by ≥3.0 mmol/L or to ≤2.5 mmol/L after discontinuing (N = 24), reducing (N = 17) or without modifying the dosage of the selective ß2-agonist (N = 6). Clinical trials found that l-lactic acid significantly increased in healthy volunteers administered a ß2-agonist. l-lactatemia ≥5.0 mmol/L was observed in 103 (24%) out of 426 patients with asthma or preterm labor managed with a selective ß2-agonist and was more common in patients with asthma (30%) than in premature labor (5.9%). A significant relationship was also noted between l-lactate level and intravenous albuterol dose or its circulating level. In conclusion, relevant l-hyperlactatemia is common on high dose treatment with a selective ß2-agonist.
Kussmaul breathing; acidosis; lactate; lactic acid; ß2-adrenoceptor agonist
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/809651
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