Background and objectives: The metabolic response after exercise causes a significant increase in the muscle blood flow. While these effects are demonstrated for intra-muscular vessels, there is no evidence about the inter-muscular vessels, such as the septocutaneous perforators supplying the skin after they branch out from the deep source artery. The aim of our prospective study was to quantify the changes in the anterior tibial artery perforators arterial blood flow after mild isotonic exercise in a young and healthy population. Material and Methods: We performed a prospective analysis of 34 patients who were admitted to the Plastic Surgery Department from December 2019 to April 2020. Flow velocities of two previously identified anterior tibial artery perforators were recorded both before and after 10 complete flexion-extensions of the foot. The time to revert to basal flow was measured. We further classified the overmentioned patients based on their level of physical activity. Results: We registered a significant increase in systolic, diastolic and mean blood flow velocities both in proximal and distal anterior tibial artery perforators after exercise. Fitter patients exhibited a higher increase in proximal leg perforators than those who did less than three aerobic workouts a week. The time to return to basal flow ranged from 60 to 90 s. Conclusions: This was the first study to describe the effect of muscular activity on perforators blood flow. Even mild exercise significantly increases the perforator flow. Waiting at least two minutes at rest before performing the Doppler study, thus avoiding involved muscle activation, can notably improve the reliability of the pre-operative planning.

The effect of muscle exercise on perforators flow : a prospective cohort study / F. Amendola, L. Vaienti, G. Cottone, G. Zaccaria, Z. Steinberger, N. Dereatti, M. Riccio, G.G. Caputo, F. De Francesco, N. Zingaretti. - In: MEDICINA. - ISSN 1010-660X. - 56:7(2020), pp. 338.1-338.9. [10.3390/medicina56070338]

The effect of muscle exercise on perforators flow : a prospective cohort study

F. Amendola;L. Vaienti;
2020

Abstract

Background and objectives: The metabolic response after exercise causes a significant increase in the muscle blood flow. While these effects are demonstrated for intra-muscular vessels, there is no evidence about the inter-muscular vessels, such as the septocutaneous perforators supplying the skin after they branch out from the deep source artery. The aim of our prospective study was to quantify the changes in the anterior tibial artery perforators arterial blood flow after mild isotonic exercise in a young and healthy population. Material and Methods: We performed a prospective analysis of 34 patients who were admitted to the Plastic Surgery Department from December 2019 to April 2020. Flow velocities of two previously identified anterior tibial artery perforators were recorded both before and after 10 complete flexion-extensions of the foot. The time to revert to basal flow was measured. We further classified the overmentioned patients based on their level of physical activity. Results: We registered a significant increase in systolic, diastolic and mean blood flow velocities both in proximal and distal anterior tibial artery perforators after exercise. Fitter patients exhibited a higher increase in proximal leg perforators than those who did less than three aerobic workouts a week. The time to return to basal flow ranged from 60 to 90 s. Conclusions: This was the first study to describe the effect of muscular activity on perforators blood flow. Even mild exercise significantly increases the perforator flow. Waiting at least two minutes at rest before performing the Doppler study, thus avoiding involved muscle activation, can notably improve the reliability of the pre-operative planning.
Anterior tibial artery perforators; Flow; Hemodynamic flow; Muscle exercise; Perforator
Settore MED/19 - Chirurgia Plastica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/809486
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