Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin pathology characterized by the occurrence of inflamed and swollen lesions, with a devastating impact of the disease on patient's quality of life. Wide local excision (WLE) of the affected tissue is the criterion-standard treatment, but there is no general consensus on the best reconstructive technique. The aim of this article is to evaluate the quality of life before and after WLE combined with pedicled perforator flap reconstruction, in patients suffering from HS. Methods: We analyzed 26 consecutive patients suffering from Hurley stage III HS. Every patient underwent WLE, followed by reconstruction with pedicled perforator flap. Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI) tests were administered to every patient preoperatively and 6 months after surgery, when the clinical condition was considered stable. Dermatology Quality of Life Index scores were compared in terms of means with Student t test. Linear regression studies were used to compare the changes in DLQI score with the surgical and clinical variables. Results: Axillary area involvement was found in 21 of 27 patients; 6 patients had more than 1 body region involved. Thirty-two pedicled perforator flaps were performed, and 22 were thoracodorsal artery perforator flaps. Mean DLQI test score before the first operation was 21.31 ± 4.79; the average DLQI score after the last follow-up was 5 ± 2.95 (P < 0.0001). Dermatology Quality of Life Index scores were not influenced by complications including reoperation. There were also no correlations found between DLQI score delta and number of reoperation (-0.18) or days of hospital stay (-0.13). Conclusions: Wide local excision followed by pedicled perforator flap reconstruction allows a radical excision of HS areas with short postoperative healing periods. Dermatology Quality of Life Index scores confirmed high levels of patients' satisfaction. Disadvantages of this technique include difficult learning curve, long operating time, and a nonnegligible complications rate.

Wide Local Excisions and Pedicled Perforator Flaps in Hidradenitis Suppurativa : A Study of Quality of Life / A. Marchesi, F. Amendola, P. Garieri, Z. Steinberger, L. Vaienti. - In: ANNALS OF PLASTIC SURGERY. - ISSN 0148-7043. - 86:2(2021 Feb 01), pp. 201-205.

Wide Local Excisions and Pedicled Perforator Flaps in Hidradenitis Suppurativa : A Study of Quality of Life

F. Amendola;P. Garieri;L. Vaienti
2021

Abstract

Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin pathology characterized by the occurrence of inflamed and swollen lesions, with a devastating impact of the disease on patient's quality of life. Wide local excision (WLE) of the affected tissue is the criterion-standard treatment, but there is no general consensus on the best reconstructive technique. The aim of this article is to evaluate the quality of life before and after WLE combined with pedicled perforator flap reconstruction, in patients suffering from HS. Methods: We analyzed 26 consecutive patients suffering from Hurley stage III HS. Every patient underwent WLE, followed by reconstruction with pedicled perforator flap. Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI) tests were administered to every patient preoperatively and 6 months after surgery, when the clinical condition was considered stable. Dermatology Quality of Life Index scores were compared in terms of means with Student t test. Linear regression studies were used to compare the changes in DLQI score with the surgical and clinical variables. Results: Axillary area involvement was found in 21 of 27 patients; 6 patients had more than 1 body region involved. Thirty-two pedicled perforator flaps were performed, and 22 were thoracodorsal artery perforator flaps. Mean DLQI test score before the first operation was 21.31 ± 4.79; the average DLQI score after the last follow-up was 5 ± 2.95 (P < 0.0001). Dermatology Quality of Life Index scores were not influenced by complications including reoperation. There were also no correlations found between DLQI score delta and number of reoperation (-0.18) or days of hospital stay (-0.13). Conclusions: Wide local excision followed by pedicled perforator flap reconstruction allows a radical excision of HS areas with short postoperative healing periods. Dermatology Quality of Life Index scores confirmed high levels of patients' satisfaction. Disadvantages of this technique include difficult learning curve, long operating time, and a nonnegligible complications rate.
Settore MED/19 - Chirurgia Plastica
1-feb-2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/809480
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