Long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an essential component of humoral innate immunity, involved in resistance to selected pathogens and in the regulation of inflammation1–3. The present study was designed to assess the presence and significance of PTX3 in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)4–7. RNA-sequencing analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells, single-cell bioinformatics analysis and immunohistochemistry of lung autopsy samples revealed that myelomonocytic cells and endothelial cells express high levels of PTX3 in patients with COVID-19. Increased plasma concentrations of PTX3 were detected in 96 patients with COVID-19. PTX3 emerged as a strong independent predictor of 28-d mortality in multivariable analysis, better than conventional markers of inflammation, in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. The prognostic significance of PTX3 abundance for mortality was confirmed in a second independent cohort (54 patients). Thus, circulating and lung myelomonocytic cells and endothelial cells are a major source of PTX3, and PTX3 plasma concentration can serve as an independent strong prognostic indicator of short-term mortality in COVID-19.

Macrophage expression and prognostic significance of the long pentraxin PTX3 in COVID-19 / E. Brunetta, M. Folci, B. Bottazzi, M. De Santis, G. Gritti, A. Protti, S.N. Mapelli, S. Bonovas, D. Piovani, R. Leone, I. My, V. Zanon, G. Spata, M. Bacci, D. Supino, S. Carnevale, M. Sironi, S. Davoudian, C. Peano, F. Landi, F. Di Marco, F. Raimondi, A. Gianatti, C. Angelini, A. Rambaldi, C. Garlanda, M. Ciccarelli, M. Cecconi, A. Mantovani. - In: NATURE IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1529-2908. - 22:1(2021), pp. 19-24. [10.1038/s41590-020-00832-x]

Macrophage expression and prognostic significance of the long pentraxin PTX3 in COVID-19

E. Brunetta;M. Folci;A. Protti;S. Bonovas;F. Landi;F. Di Marco;F. Raimondi;A. Rambaldi
;
2021

Abstract

Long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an essential component of humoral innate immunity, involved in resistance to selected pathogens and in the regulation of inflammation1–3. The present study was designed to assess the presence and significance of PTX3 in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)4–7. RNA-sequencing analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells, single-cell bioinformatics analysis and immunohistochemistry of lung autopsy samples revealed that myelomonocytic cells and endothelial cells express high levels of PTX3 in patients with COVID-19. Increased plasma concentrations of PTX3 were detected in 96 patients with COVID-19. PTX3 emerged as a strong independent predictor of 28-d mortality in multivariable analysis, better than conventional markers of inflammation, in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. The prognostic significance of PTX3 abundance for mortality was confirmed in a second independent cohort (54 patients). Thus, circulating and lung myelomonocytic cells and endothelial cells are a major source of PTX3, and PTX3 plasma concentration can serve as an independent strong prognostic indicator of short-term mortality in COVID-19.
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/808948
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