Hypothesis: Adsorption of weak polyelectrolytes onto charged nanoparticles, and concurrent effects such as spatial partitioning of ions may be influenced by details of the polyelectrolyte structure (linear or star–like) and size, by the mobility of the nanoparticle surface charge, or the valence of the nanoparticle counterions. Experiments: Ionization and complexation of weak polyelectrolytes on spherical macroions with monovalent and divalent countrions has been studied with constant–pH Monte Carlo titrations and primitive electrolyte models for linear and star–like polymers capable, also, of forming charged hydrogen bonds. Nanoparticles surface charge has been represented either as a single colloid–centered total charge (CCTC) or as surface–tethered mobile monovalent spherical charges (SMMSC). Findings: Differences in the average number of adsorbed polyelectrolyte arms and their average charge, and in the relative amount of macroion counterions (m–CI's) released upon polymer adsorption are found between CCTC and SMMSC nanoparticles. The amount of the counterions released also depends on the polymer structure. As CCTC adsorbs a lower number of star–like species arms, the degree of condensation of polymer counterions (p–CI's) onto the polyelectrolyte is also substantially higher for the CCTC colloid, with a concurrent decrease of the osmotic coefficient values.

Monte Carlo study of the effects of macroion charge distribution on the ionization and adsorption of weak polyelectrolytes and concurrent counterion release / M. Mella, A. Tagliabue, L. Mollica, L. Izzo. - In: JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-9797. - 560(2020), pp. 667-680. [10.1016/j.jcis.2019.10.051]

Monte Carlo study of the effects of macroion charge distribution on the ionization and adsorption of weak polyelectrolytes and concurrent counterion release

M. Mella
;
L. Mollica;
2020

Abstract

Hypothesis: Adsorption of weak polyelectrolytes onto charged nanoparticles, and concurrent effects such as spatial partitioning of ions may be influenced by details of the polyelectrolyte structure (linear or star–like) and size, by the mobility of the nanoparticle surface charge, or the valence of the nanoparticle counterions. Experiments: Ionization and complexation of weak polyelectrolytes on spherical macroions with monovalent and divalent countrions has been studied with constant–pH Monte Carlo titrations and primitive electrolyte models for linear and star–like polymers capable, also, of forming charged hydrogen bonds. Nanoparticles surface charge has been represented either as a single colloid–centered total charge (CCTC) or as surface–tethered mobile monovalent spherical charges (SMMSC). Findings: Differences in the average number of adsorbed polyelectrolyte arms and their average charge, and in the relative amount of macroion counterions (m–CI's) released upon polymer adsorption are found between CCTC and SMMSC nanoparticles. The amount of the counterions released also depends on the polymer structure. As CCTC adsorbs a lower number of star–like species arms, the degree of condensation of polymer counterions (p–CI's) onto the polyelectrolyte is also substantially higher for the CCTC colloid, with a concurrent decrease of the osmotic coefficient values.
Counterion desorption; Monte Carlo simulations; Nanoparticles; Polyelectrolytes; Polymer adsorption; Titrations
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/808538
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