In some industrial post-harvest processing systems of black soldier fly (BSF) (Hermetia illucens), the larvae are minced and homogenised for protein and fat extraction. The quality of the resulting products can be affected by the gastrointestinal content of the insect. This content is poor in nutrients and rich in microbes and digestive enzymes. Post-harvest starvation has been suggested as a gastrointestinal evacuation (GE) method for BSF larvae, however, no direct evidence is available for GE and improvement of the quality of larvae after starvation. In the present study, we determined the GE dynamics through dissection of BSF larvae kept for 72 h under different temperature and substrate conditions after harvest. Different GE patterns were observed, depending on the environmental condition after harvest. At low temperature (10 °C), GE was not completed (>90%). The most complete GE was observed after 6 h in water and after 48 h under fasting. Shortening the pre-slaughter period is important to avoid the decline of nutritional and microbial qualities of larvae. Interestingly, further investigations indicated improvements in the nutritional, colour, and microbial qualities of the larvae after specific GE treatments. These larvae showed higher crude protein and fat, reduced microbial counts, lower wet weight, lighter puree colour, and no change in their dry weight, ash, and fibre contents compared to larvae after conventional fasting. Broadly, results indicate that it may be beneficial to add an optimised degutting method after harvest to improve the quality of larvae for processing.

Gastrointestinal evacuation in black soldier fly larvae / A. Hosseini, M. Kone, M. Gold, A. Paul, D. Bruno, M. Bonelli, G. Tettamanti, M. Casartelli, E. Schmitt, A. Mathys, G. Vandenberg, M.H. Deschamps. - In: JOURNAL OF INSECTS AS FOOD AND FEED. - ISSN 2352-4588. - 6:Suppl. 1(2020), pp. S27-S27. ((Intervento presentato al 3. convegno Insects to feed the world Virtual Conference: November, 23rd - 26th nel 2020.

Gastrointestinal evacuation in black soldier fly larvae

M. Bonelli;M. Casartelli;
2020

Abstract

In some industrial post-harvest processing systems of black soldier fly (BSF) (Hermetia illucens), the larvae are minced and homogenised for protein and fat extraction. The quality of the resulting products can be affected by the gastrointestinal content of the insect. This content is poor in nutrients and rich in microbes and digestive enzymes. Post-harvest starvation has been suggested as a gastrointestinal evacuation (GE) method for BSF larvae, however, no direct evidence is available for GE and improvement of the quality of larvae after starvation. In the present study, we determined the GE dynamics through dissection of BSF larvae kept for 72 h under different temperature and substrate conditions after harvest. Different GE patterns were observed, depending on the environmental condition after harvest. At low temperature (10 °C), GE was not completed (>90%). The most complete GE was observed after 6 h in water and after 48 h under fasting. Shortening the pre-slaughter period is important to avoid the decline of nutritional and microbial qualities of larvae. Interestingly, further investigations indicated improvements in the nutritional, colour, and microbial qualities of the larvae after specific GE treatments. These larvae showed higher crude protein and fat, reduced microbial counts, lower wet weight, lighter puree colour, and no change in their dry weight, ash, and fibre contents compared to larvae after conventional fasting. Broadly, results indicate that it may be beneficial to add an optimised degutting method after harvest to improve the quality of larvae for processing.
Settore AGR/11 - Entomologia Generale e Applicata
26-dic-2020
https://www.wageningenacademic.com/doi/abs/10.3920/jiff2020.s1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/802425
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