Deep dyspareunia affects almost half of the women with endometriosis and is associated with vaginal endometriotic lesions. Our pilot study’s objective is to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of CO2-laser ablation under colposcopic guidance for the treatment of symptomatic vaginal endometriosis. A non-comparative pilot study has been performed. Only women with histologically proven vaginal endometriosis, who declared the presence of moderate or severe deep dyspareunia, resistant to at least 6 months of conventional hormonal treatment, were deemed eligible for the study. All treatments were performed in an outpatient setting with a colposcopic-guided, hand-directed CO2-laser. Variation in pain symptoms was measured with a 0- to 10-point numerical rating scale (NRS), in sexual functioning with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), in psychological status with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and in quality of life with the Short Form-12 questionnaire (SF-12). Satisfaction with treatment was evaluated according to a five-category scale (very satisfied, satisfied, neither satisfied nor dissatisfied, dissatisfied, very dissatisfied). Nineteen women were enrolled. No complications occurred. At 12-month follow-up, significant improvements were observed in deep dyspareunia and dyschezia scores, in FSFI, HADS, and in the physical component summary scores of SF-12, whereas the mental component score of SF-12 did not vary substantially. Most women (84%) were satisfied with the treatment received. CO2-laser ablation for vaginal endometriosis could represent a valuable alternative option for women with symptomatic lesions, both in terms of amelioration of pain symptoms and improvement in quality of life and sexual function.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) laser ablation of symptomatic vaginal endometriosis : a pilot study / L. Buggio, E. Monti, C. Liverani, M.P. Frattaruolo, D. Dridi, E. Somigliana. - In: LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 0268-8921. - 36:6(2021 Aug), pp. 1227-1233. [10.1007/s10103-020-03162-4]

Carbon dioxide (CO2) laser ablation of symptomatic vaginal endometriosis : a pilot study

Buggio L.;Monti E.;Liverani C.;Frattaruolo M. P.;Somigliana E.
2021-08

Abstract

Deep dyspareunia affects almost half of the women with endometriosis and is associated with vaginal endometriotic lesions. Our pilot study’s objective is to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of CO2-laser ablation under colposcopic guidance for the treatment of symptomatic vaginal endometriosis. A non-comparative pilot study has been performed. Only women with histologically proven vaginal endometriosis, who declared the presence of moderate or severe deep dyspareunia, resistant to at least 6 months of conventional hormonal treatment, were deemed eligible for the study. All treatments were performed in an outpatient setting with a colposcopic-guided, hand-directed CO2-laser. Variation in pain symptoms was measured with a 0- to 10-point numerical rating scale (NRS), in sexual functioning with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), in psychological status with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and in quality of life with the Short Form-12 questionnaire (SF-12). Satisfaction with treatment was evaluated according to a five-category scale (very satisfied, satisfied, neither satisfied nor dissatisfied, dissatisfied, very dissatisfied). Nineteen women were enrolled. No complications occurred. At 12-month follow-up, significant improvements were observed in deep dyspareunia and dyschezia scores, in FSFI, HADS, and in the physical component summary scores of SF-12, whereas the mental component score of SF-12 did not vary substantially. Most women (84%) were satisfied with the treatment received. CO2-laser ablation for vaginal endometriosis could represent a valuable alternative option for women with symptomatic lesions, both in terms of amelioration of pain symptoms and improvement in quality of life and sexual function.
CO; 2; laser; Colposcopy; Deep dyspareunia; Endometriosis; Surgery; Vaginal endometriosis
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia
ott-2020
LASERS IN MEDICAL SCIENCE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/800077
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