In the last two decades, hair, breast milk, meconium, and oral fluid have been investigated as specimens for biomonitoring pesticide exposure in alternative to urine and blood. The main feature of hair is the possibility to investigate exposure over a few months preceding sampling and to take into account cumulative and multiple exposure to pesticides over the agriculture application season. For breast milk and meconium, the most interesting feature is the possibility to assess exposure in early life, during which a major susceptibility toward toxicants is expected, also considering those chemicals that had previously accumulated into the mother's body and that can affect fetus health. Oral fluid is a noninvasive alternative to blood and may therefore be applied to detect pesticides without the disadvantages of invasive and health personnel requiring procedures. In the present chapter a review of biomonitoring studies using these matrices to investigate pesticide exposure in agricultural workers and in the general population is summarized, and advantages and disadvantages are presented. These studies open future perspectives in biomonitoring pesticide exposure in agriculture.

Biomonitoring pesticide exposure in nonconventional specimens / E. Polledri, R. Mercadante, S. Fustinoni - In: Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture : Approaches, Tools and Advances / [a cura di] C. Colosio, A.M. Tsatsakis, A. Alegakis. - [s.l] : Elsevier, 2021. - ISBN 9780128124666. - pp. 245-281 [10.1016/B978-0-12-812466-6.00008-7]

Biomonitoring pesticide exposure in nonconventional specimens

E. Polledri;R. Mercadante;S. Fustinoni
2021

Abstract

In the last two decades, hair, breast milk, meconium, and oral fluid have been investigated as specimens for biomonitoring pesticide exposure in alternative to urine and blood. The main feature of hair is the possibility to investigate exposure over a few months preceding sampling and to take into account cumulative and multiple exposure to pesticides over the agriculture application season. For breast milk and meconium, the most interesting feature is the possibility to assess exposure in early life, during which a major susceptibility toward toxicants is expected, also considering those chemicals that had previously accumulated into the mother's body and that can affect fetus health. Oral fluid is a noninvasive alternative to blood and may therefore be applied to detect pesticides without the disadvantages of invasive and health personnel requiring procedures. In the present chapter a review of biomonitoring studies using these matrices to investigate pesticide exposure in agricultural workers and in the general population is summarized, and advantages and disadvantages are presented. These studies open future perspectives in biomonitoring pesticide exposure in agriculture.
Hair; Meconium; Breast milk; Oral fluid; Saliva; Biomonitoring pesticide exposure; Nonconventional specimens
Settore MED/44 - Medicina del Lavoro
Book Part (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
CH0012_Fustinoni_rev2.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 298.72 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
298.72 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
fig 1.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 335.98 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
335.98 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Figure 2.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 158.42 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
158.42 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Figure 3.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 456.59 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
456.59 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Figure 4.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 480.02 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
480.02 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Figure 5.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 493.58 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
493.58 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Figure 6.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 496.38 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
496.38 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/798091
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact