Background: In clinical practice, blood pressure (BP) is frequently measured at the end of the visit in patients sitting on one side of the bed and not on a chair according to guidelines. Methods: In 540 consecutive subjects with essential hypertension (EH) attending a hospital outpatient clinic, BP was measured in the following sequence: 1) patient seated on chair for at least 5 min, 2) patient supine, 3) patient seated on bed, and 4) patient standing for a few minutes. Results: We found that mean (+/-SEM) BP was 143.5/ 87.2 +/- 0.9/0.5, 153.4/89.7 +/- 1.010.5, 148.9/90.9 +/- 1-0/ 0.5, and 144.8/91.7 +/- 1.0/0.6 mm Hg, respectively (P < .05 v position 1 for all). In 14% of patients, either systolic BP (SBP) or diastolic BP (DBP) was above the conventional upper limits of normality in the seated-on-bed but not in the recommended seated-on-chair position ("false" high clinic BP), whereas SBP and DBP were "false" normal (below limit for bed-seated and above limit for chair-seated position) in only 6% and 2% of patients, respectively. Overall, SBP and DBP increments from the chair- to the bed-seated position were inversely related to the baseline chair-seated values; systolic increments were directly related to age, in particular in the subgroup of untreated EH (n = 70), and to body mass index. A gender-related difference was apparent, as female subjects had more pronounced increments in SBP (+ 7.4 +/- 0.8 v + 3.5 +/- 0.7 mm Hg) and DBP (+ 4.4 +/- 0.5 v 2.9 +/- 0.4 mm Hg) than did male subjects (P < .05 for both). Conclusions: Clinic SBP and DBP are overestimated in the bed-seated position at the end of the visit compared with the recommended chair-seated position in treated and untreated patients with EH, in particular in elderly obese women with mild hypertension. (C) 2005 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.
|Titolo:||What is the accuracy of clinic blood pressure measurement?|
SALA, CARLA (Primo)
MAGRINI, FABIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Blood pressure measurement; Body posture; Clinic blood pressure; Essential hypertension|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|