The adoption of precision agriculture has the potential to increase the environmental sustainability of cropping systems as well as farmers' income. Farmers in transition to precision agriculture need low-input and effective protocols to delineate homogenous management zones to optimize their actions without past knowledge e.g., yield maps. Different approaches have been developed so far, based on the analysis of the within-field variability in crop and soil properties, but procedures were rarely suited for operational conditions. We identified here a low-inputs protocol to map management zones from soil electrical conductivity and/or crop vegetation indices, using a winter wheat field in northern Italy as a pilot case. The reliability of the alternative data sources was evaluated at three crop development stages using a yield map as reference. Red-edge and NIR (NDRE) bands were the most reliable data sources for management zones identification, with 62%, 68%, and 74% of correct classifications at early tillering, stem elongation, and late booting, respectively. Our work identifies a minimum dataset for accurate management zones' definition and highlights that in-season monitoring based on the red-edge band was able to reliably identify management zones already at early tillering, despite minor differences in crop growth.

Evaluation of in-season management zones from high-resolution soil and plant sensors / M. Corti, P. Marino Gallina, D. Cavalli, B. Ortuani, G. Cabassi, G. Cola, A. Vigoni, L. Degano, S. Bregaglio. - In: AGRONOMY. - ISSN 2073-4395. - 10:8(2020), pp. 1124.1-1124.16. [10.3390/agronomy10081124]

Evaluation of in-season management zones from high-resolution soil and plant sensors

M. Corti
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
P. Marino Gallina;D. Cavalli;B. Ortuani;G. Cabassi;G. Cola;S. Bregaglio
2020

Abstract

The adoption of precision agriculture has the potential to increase the environmental sustainability of cropping systems as well as farmers' income. Farmers in transition to precision agriculture need low-input and effective protocols to delineate homogenous management zones to optimize their actions without past knowledge e.g., yield maps. Different approaches have been developed so far, based on the analysis of the within-field variability in crop and soil properties, but procedures were rarely suited for operational conditions. We identified here a low-inputs protocol to map management zones from soil electrical conductivity and/or crop vegetation indices, using a winter wheat field in northern Italy as a pilot case. The reliability of the alternative data sources was evaluated at three crop development stages using a yield map as reference. Red-edge and NIR (NDRE) bands were the most reliable data sources for management zones identification, with 62%, 68%, and 74% of correct classifications at early tillering, stem elongation, and late booting, respectively. Our work identifies a minimum dataset for accurate management zones' definition and highlights that in-season monitoring based on the red-edge band was able to reliably identify management zones already at early tillering, despite minor differences in crop growth.
EMI sensor; Management zones definition; Normalized difference vegetation indices; Soil apparent electrical conductivity; UAV; Within-field spatial variability; Yield map
Settore AGR/02 - Agronomia e Coltivazioni Erbacee
2020
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/795557
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