The relativistic and nonrelativistic finite temperature proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (FT-PNQRPA) methods are developed to study the interplay of the pairing and temperature effects on the Gamow-Teller excitations in open-shell nuclei, as well as to explore the model dependence of the results by using two rather different frameworks for effective nuclear interactions. The Skyrme-type functional SkM∗ is employed in the nonrelativistic framework, while the density-dependent meson-exchange interaction DD-ME2 is implemented in the relativistic approach. Both the isoscalar and isovector pairing interactions are taken into account within the FT-PNQRPA. Model calculations show that below the critical temperatures the Gamow-Teller excitations display a sensitivity to both the finite temperature and pairing effects, and this demonstrates the necessity for implementing both in the theoretical framework. The established FT-PNQRPA opens perspectives for the future complete and consistent description of astrophysically relevant weak interaction processes in nuclei at finite temperature such as β decays, electron capture, and neutrino-nucleus reactions.

Gamow-Teller excitations at finite temperature: Competition between pairing and temperature effects / E. Yuksel, N. Paar, G. Colo', E. Khan, Y.F. Niu. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW C. - ISSN 2469-9985. - 101:4(2020 Apr 10), pp. 044305.044305-1-044305.044305-16. [10.1103/PhysRevC.101.044305]

Gamow-Teller excitations at finite temperature: Competition between pairing and temperature effects

G. Colo';
2020

Abstract

The relativistic and nonrelativistic finite temperature proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (FT-PNQRPA) methods are developed to study the interplay of the pairing and temperature effects on the Gamow-Teller excitations in open-shell nuclei, as well as to explore the model dependence of the results by using two rather different frameworks for effective nuclear interactions. The Skyrme-type functional SkM∗ is employed in the nonrelativistic framework, while the density-dependent meson-exchange interaction DD-ME2 is implemented in the relativistic approach. Both the isoscalar and isovector pairing interactions are taken into account within the FT-PNQRPA. Model calculations show that below the critical temperatures the Gamow-Teller excitations display a sensitivity to both the finite temperature and pairing effects, and this demonstrates the necessity for implementing both in the theoretical framework. The established FT-PNQRPA opens perspectives for the future complete and consistent description of astrophysically relevant weak interaction processes in nuclei at finite temperature such as β decays, electron capture, and neutrino-nucleus reactions.
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
European Nuclear Science and Application Research 2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/795404
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