Type 2 diabetes is increasingly recognized as a spectrum of metabolic disorders sharing chronic hyperglycaemia. In Europe, the continually growing number of migrants from developing countries could affect diabetes phenotypes. We evaluated a population of 426 Italians and 412 undocumented migrants. Using 17 variables (with the exclusion of ethnic origin) we performed a multiple component analysis to detect potential clusters, independently from ethnicity. We also compared the two groups to evaluate potential ethnicity associated differences. We found five clusters of patients with different disease phenotypes. Comparing Italians with undocumented migrants, we noted that the first had more often cardiovascular risk factors and neurologic involvement, while the latter had a higher frequency of diabetic ulcers and renal involvement. Metformin was used in a comparable percentage of patients in all clusters, but other antidiabetic treatments showed some differences. Italians were more often on insulin, due to a larger use of long acting insulin, and received a larger number of oral antidiabetics in combination. Pharmacological treatment of comorbidities showed some differences too. We suggest that type 2 diabetes should be considered as a spectrum of diseases with different phenotypes also in heterogeneous populations, and that this is not due only to ethnic differences.
Current pharmacological treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in undocumented migrants : Is it appropriate for the phenotype of the disease? / G. Fiorini, I. Cortinovis, G. Corrao, M. Franchi, A.I. Pincelli, M. Perotti, A.E. Rigamonti, A. Sartorio, S.G. Cella. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1661-7827. - 17:21(2020 Nov), pp. 8169.1-8169.15.
|Titolo:||Current pharmacological treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in undocumented migrants : Is it appropriate for the phenotype of the disease?|
CORTINOVIS, IVAN (Secondo)
CELLA, SILVANO GABRIELE (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Complications of diabetes; Diabetes phenotypes; Ethnicity; Pharmacological treatment; Type 2 diabetes; Undocumented migrants|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218169|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|