Novel 2-(1-substituted-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine (pytl) ligands have been prepared by "click chemistry" and used in the preparation of heteroleptic complexes of Ru and Ir with bipyridine (bpy) and phenylpyridine (ppy) ligands, respectively, resulting in [Ru(bpy)2(pytl-R)]Cl 2 and [Ir(ppy)2-(pytl-R)]Cl (R=methyl, adamantane (ada), β-cyclodextrin (βCD)). The two diastereoisomers of the Ir complex with the appended β-cyclodextrin, [Ir-(ppy)2(pytl-βCD)]Cl, were separated. The [Ru(bpy)2(pytl-R)]Cl2 (R=Me, ada or βCD) complexes have lower lifetimes and quantum yields than other polypyridine complexes. In contrast, the cyclometalated Ir complexes display rather long lifetimes and very high emission quantum yields. The emission quantum yield and lifetime (Φ=0.23, τ=1000 ns) of [Ir(ppy) 2(pytlada)]Cl are surprisingly enhanced in [Ir(ppy) 2(pytl-βCD)]Cl (Φ=0.54, τ= 2800 ns). This behavior is unprecedented for a metal complex and is most likely due to its increased rigidity and protection from water molecules as well as from dioxygen quenching, because of the hydrophobic cavity of the βCD covalently attached to pytl. The emissive excited state is localized on these cyclometalating ligands, as underlined by the shift to the blue (450 nm) upon substitution with two electron withdrawing fluorine substituents on the phenyl unit. The significant differences between the quantum yields of the two separate diastereoisomers of [Ir(ppy)2(pytl-βCD)]Cl (0.49 vs. 0.70) are attributed to different interactions of the chiral cyclodextrin substituent with the Δ and Δ isomers of the metal complex.

Ir-III and Ru-II Complexes Containing Triazole-Pyridine Ligands: Luminescence Enhancement upon Substitution with beta-Cyclodextrin / M. Felici, P. Contreras-Carballada, Y. Vida, J.M.M. Smits, R.J.M. Nolte, L. De Cola, R.M. Williams, M.C. Feiters. - In: CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL. - ISSN 0947-6539. - 15:47(2009), pp. 13124-13134. [10.1002/chem.200901582]

Ir-III and Ru-II Complexes Containing Triazole-Pyridine Ligands: Luminescence Enhancement upon Substitution with beta-Cyclodextrin

L. De Cola;
2009

Abstract

Novel 2-(1-substituted-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine (pytl) ligands have been prepared by "click chemistry" and used in the preparation of heteroleptic complexes of Ru and Ir with bipyridine (bpy) and phenylpyridine (ppy) ligands, respectively, resulting in [Ru(bpy)2(pytl-R)]Cl 2 and [Ir(ppy)2-(pytl-R)]Cl (R=methyl, adamantane (ada), β-cyclodextrin (βCD)). The two diastereoisomers of the Ir complex with the appended β-cyclodextrin, [Ir-(ppy)2(pytl-βCD)]Cl, were separated. The [Ru(bpy)2(pytl-R)]Cl2 (R=Me, ada or βCD) complexes have lower lifetimes and quantum yields than other polypyridine complexes. In contrast, the cyclometalated Ir complexes display rather long lifetimes and very high emission quantum yields. The emission quantum yield and lifetime (Φ=0.23, τ=1000 ns) of [Ir(ppy) 2(pytlada)]Cl are surprisingly enhanced in [Ir(ppy) 2(pytl-βCD)]Cl (Φ=0.54, τ= 2800 ns). This behavior is unprecedented for a metal complex and is most likely due to its increased rigidity and protection from water molecules as well as from dioxygen quenching, because of the hydrophobic cavity of the βCD covalently attached to pytl. The emissive excited state is localized on these cyclometalating ligands, as underlined by the shift to the blue (450 nm) upon substitution with two electron withdrawing fluorine substituents on the phenyl unit. The significant differences between the quantum yields of the two separate diastereoisomers of [Ir(ppy)2(pytl-βCD)]Cl (0.49 vs. 0.70) are attributed to different interactions of the chiral cyclodextrin substituent with the Δ and Δ isomers of the metal complex.
click chemistry; cyclodextrins; iridium; luminescence; ruthenium
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica
2009
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/791410
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