The Xolapa Complex (XC) is a high-grade metamorphic belt exposed along the southern margin of the North American plate in Mexico. Its evolution includes an episode of widespread anatexis related to crustal thickening and subsequent uplift to upper crustal levels, which culminated in the Paleocene. On the basis of field and petrographic work, this study integrates a petrological modelling approach with LA-ICP-MS U–Pb zircon and monazite geochronology to elucidate the tectonothermal evolution of this metamorphic belt. The study area in central XC includes a suite of alternating migmatitic paragneiss and garnet-bearing mafic schist. Petrological evidence and phase equilibria calculations demonstrate that a staurolite–kyanite grade metamorphism occurred at ~640–670 °C and 8–9 kbar before extensive migmatization took place. Differential anatexis of fertile and refractory layers occurred progressively via biotite and amphibole dehydration-melting reactions, and continued during peak metamorphism at granulite-facies conditions of ~800–820 °C and ~5–7 kbar. According to Ti-in-zircon thermometry, melt generation/mobilization progressed during cooling until crystallize at ~700 °C. The age of prograde metamorphism was likely recorded by monazite cores that give mid- to Late Cretaceous ages. Cooling and melt crystallization could be constrained by leucosome zircon dated at 61.8±0.6 Ma. Both zircon and low-Y monazite from whole rock and melanosome portions, respectively, are consistent with an episode of growth around 60.9±0.5 Ma. Monazite, however, would have continued its crystallization process for a period of ca. 10 Ma. Thin zircon and high-Y monazite rims show ages between ~34–25 Ma and are interpreted to reflect a stage of reheating by magmatic advection related to large Oligocene plutonism in the region. Age and nature of central XC basement show good correlation with other Early-Cretaceous volcano-sedimentary basins of central and southern Mexico. A period of crustal thickening would have buried the sequence at depths of ~30 km, causing Barrovian-type metamorphism during mid- to Late Cretaceous time and eventually, anatexis that evolved at granulite-facies conditions during orogenic collapse in the Paleocene (≥62 Ma). The time span from leucosome crystallization to late-stage reheating in central XC would imply a protracted high-temperature evolution indicating a middle- to upper-crustal residence time of at least ca. 30 Ma.
Petrology and U–Pb geochronology of high-grade metavolcano-sedimentary rocks from central Xolapa Complex, southern Mexico / R. Maldonado, P. Corona-Chavez, L. Solari, C. Ortega-Obregon, S. Poli. - In: LITHOS. - ISSN 0024-4937. - 378-379(2020 Dec 15), pp. 105802.1-105802.18.
|Titolo:||Petrology and U–Pb geochronology of high-grade metavolcano-sedimentary rocks from central Xolapa Complex, southern Mexico|
POLI, STEFANO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||anatexis; migmatite; orogenic metamorphism; phase equilibria modelling; U–Pb zircon and monazite geochronology; xolapa complex|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/07 - Petrologia e Petrografia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-dic-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2020.105802|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|