A large part of the Italian population doesn't receive adequate information and support on how to maintain oral health. In this observational, cross-sectional, pilot study, we investigated how some lifestyle-related variables affect oral diseases and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children attending public-school summer services in Milan. A survey that included questions on children's oral disease, OHRQoL and lifestyle-related factors (feeding habits, oral hygiene protective behaviors, dental coaching and socio-economic and educational status), was administered to the children's caregivers. Data from 296 surveys were analyzed to assess the protective/negative effect of each variable on oral disease and OHRQoL. With respect to disease, the "never" consumption of fruit juice, the use of fluoride toothpaste, higher educational qualification and ISEE (equivalent family income) of those who filled out the form, resulted protective factors. Regarding OHRQoL, the "never" assumption/use of tea bottle, sugared pacifier and fruit juice as well as the use of fluoride toothpaste, a higher educational qualification and ISEE of those who filled out the form, resulted to have protective effects. In conclusion, protective behaviors and socio-economic status affect oral disease and OHRQoL in children of Milan.
Impact of Lifestyle Variables on Oral Diseases and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Children of Milan (Italy) / D. Carmagnola, G. Pellegrini, M. Malvezzi, E. Canciani, D. Henin, C. Dellavia. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 17:18(2020 Sep).
|Titolo:||Impact of Lifestyle Variables on Oral Diseases and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Children of Milan (Italy)|
CARMAGNOLA, DANIELA (Primo)
PELLEGRINI, GAIA (Secondo) (Corresponding)
DELLAVIA, CLAUDIA PAOLA BRUNA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||children; Italy; lifestyle; oral disease; oral health-related quality of life; feeding habits; oral hygiene; socio-economic status;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana|
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
|Progetto:||L’Università va all’asilo (UVA)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186612|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|