Facing multiple and often considered as conflicting stakes, either economical, migratory, or environmental, policy-making may struggle to identify and implement relevant policy action allowing for balanced and joint completion of such challenges. Addressing this important public issue, we develop a multi-criteria two-stage Goal Programming (GP) model to identify optimal policy paths towards the Europe 2020 strategy on economic growth, employment levels and environmental sustainability. The model is calibrated on current contributions of economic sectors in all European countries to each policy objective: contribution to economic output (GDP), emissions of Green House Gas, electric consumption and number of jobs. First, we study the optimal allocation of workers within economic sectors of each European country to maximize the joint achievement of Europe 2020 multi criteria sustainability targets. We then extend the model to allow cooperation between states, namely allowing internal migrations of workers between countries. We highlight how supranational allocation schemes of surplus workers improve the satisfaction of national sustainability objectives. Finally, we consider extra-European migrants regional integration and study the consequences of such opening over EU2020 targets satisfaction and per capita GDP. Simulation results highlight countries performance comparison, and sheds light on significant benefits from such cooperation for the majority of countries. Improved integration of internal and external workforce generally improves the achievement of EU2020 objectives, while keeping per capita GDP at least constant. Moreover, we expose the relevance of cooperative work-flows allocation strategies across Europe and emphasize the importance of workers mobility in order to ensure more sustainable common development.
Sustainability, cooperation and mobility of workers within and between European countries: a two-stage goal programming model / D. Liuzzi, V. Lupi, A. Vie. - In: ANNALS OF OPERATIONS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0254-5330. - (2020), pp. 1-21.
|Titolo:||Sustainability, cooperation and mobility of workers within and between European countries: a two-stage goal programming model|
|Parole Chiave:||Cooperation; Europe 2020 Agenda; Goal programming; Migration; Multiple criteria decision analysis; Sustainable development|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore SECS-S/06 - Metodi mat. dell'economia e Scienze Attuariali e Finanziarie|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10479-020-03818-y|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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