Scope: Protein malnutrition is characterized by stunted growth, hepatic steatosis and a damaged gut mucosal architecture. Since high-fat shaped gut microbiota (HFM) has an increased ability in providing nutrients and energy from food to the host, the aim of this study is to determine whether such a microbiota could beneficially impact on the consequences of malnutrition. Methods and results: The cecal content of specific pathogen free C57Bl/6J mice fed a high-fat diet or a low-protein diet is transplanted in two groups of germ-free C57Bl/6J recipient mice, which are subsequently fed a low-protein diet for 8 weeks. Body weight gain is comparable between the two groups of microbiota-recipient mice. The HFM led to a worsening of microvesicular steatosis and a decrease of plasma lipids compared to the low-protein shaped microbiota. In the small intestine of mice receiving the HFM, although significant histological differences are not observed, the expression of antimicrobial genes promoting oxidative stress and immune response at the ileal epithelium (Duox2, Duoxa2, Saa1, Ang4, Defa5) is increased. Conclusion: The transplant of HFM in mice fed a low-protein diet represents a noxious stimulus for the ileal mucosa and impairs hepatic lipoprotein secretion, favoring the occurrence of hepatic microvesicular steatosis.
Fat-Shaped Microbiota Affects Lipid Metabolism, Liver Steatosis, and Intestinal Homeostasis in Mice Fed a Low-Protein Diet / M. Busnelli, S. Manzini, A. Jablaoui, A. Bruneau, A. Kriaa, C. Philippe, F. Arnaboldi, A. Colombo, B. Ferrari, F. Ambrogi, E. Maguin, M. Rhimi, G. Chiesa, P. Gerard. - In: MOLECULAR NUTRITION & FOOD RESEARCH. - ISSN 1613-4125. - 64:15(2020 Aug), pp. e1900835.1-e1900835.13.
|Titolo:||Fat-Shaped Microbiota Affects Lipid Metabolism, Liver Steatosis, and Intestinal Homeostasis in Mice Fed a Low-Protein Diet|
BUSNELLI, MARCO (Co-primo) (Corresponding)
MANZINI, STEFANO (Co-primo)
|Parole Chiave:||germ-free mice; gut microbiota; lipid metabolism; protein malnutrition; steatosis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
Settore BIO/17 - Istologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.201900835|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|