The accurate control of dormancy release and germination is critical for successful plantlet establishment. Investigations in cereals hypothesized a crucial role for specific MAP kinase (MPK) pathways in promoting dormancy release, although the identity of the MPK involved and the downstream events remain unclear. In this work, we characterized mutants for Arabidopsis thaliana MAP kinase 8 (MPK8). Mpk8 seeds presented a deeper dormancy than wild-type (WT) at harvest that was less efficiently alleviated by after-ripening and gibberellic acid treatment. We identified Teosinte Branched1/Cycloidea/Proliferating cell factor 14 (TCP14), a transcription factor regulating germination, as a partner of MPK8. Mpk8 tcp14 double-mutant seeds presented a deeper dormancy at harvest than WT and mpk8, but similar to that of tcp14 seeds. MPK8 interacted with TCP14 in the nucleus in vivo and phosphorylated TCP14 in vitro. Furthermore, MPK8 enhanced TCP14 transcriptional activity when co-expressed in tobacco leaves. Nevertheless, the stimulation of TCP14 transcriptional activity by MPK8 could occur independently of TCP14 phosphorylation. The comparison of WT, mpk8 and tcp14 transcriptomes evidenced that whereas no effect was observed in dry seeds, mpk8 and tcp14 mutants presented dramatic transcriptomic alterations after imbibition with a sustained expression of genes related to seed maturation. Moreover, both mutants exhibited repression of genes involved in cell wall remodeling and cell cycle G1/S transition. As a whole, this study unraveled a role for MPK8 in promoting seed germination, and suggested that its interaction with TCP14 was critical for regulating key processes required for germination completion.
The MPK8‐TCP14 pathway promotes seed germination in Arabidopsis / W. Zhang, F. Cochet, M. Ponnaiah, S. Lebreton, L. Matheron, C. Pionneau, M. Boudsocq, F. Resentini, S. Huguet, M.Á. Blázquez, C. Bailly, J. Puyaubert, E. Baudouin. - In: PLANT JOURNAL. - ISSN 0960-7412. - 100:4(2019 Nov), pp. 677-692. [10.1111/tpj.14461]
|Titolo:||The MPK8‐TCP14 pathway promotes seed germination in Arabidopsis|
|Parole Chiave:||Arabidopsis thaliana; MAP kinase 8; Teosinte Branched1/Cycloidea/Proliferating cell factor 14; dormancy; germination; gibberellins; seed|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14461|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|