Two decades of studies suggest that computerized cognitive training (CCT) has an effect on cognitive improvement and the restoration of brain activity. Nevertheless, individual response to CCT remains heterogenous, and the predictive potential of neuroimaging in gauging response to CCT remains unknown. We employed multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) on whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) to (neuro)monitor clinical outcome defined as psychosis-likeness change after 10-hours of CCT in recent onset psychosis (ROP) patients. Additionally, we investigated if sensory processing (SP) change during CCT is associated with individual psychosis-likeness change and cognitive gains after CCT. 26 ROP patients were divided into maintainers and improvers based on their SP change during CCT. A support vector machine (SVM) classifier separating 56 healthy controls (HC) from 35 ROP patients using rsFC (balanced accuracy of 65.5%, P < 0.01) was built in an independent sample to create a naturalistic model representing the HC-ROP hyperplane. This model was out-of-sample cross-validated in the ROP patients from the CCT trial to assess associations between rsFC pattern change, cognitive gains and SP during CCT. Patients with intact SP threshold at baseline showed improved attention despite psychosis status on the SVM hyperplane at follow-up (p < 0.05). Contrarily, the attentional gains occurred in the ROP patients who showed impaired SP at baseline only if rsfMRI diagnosis status shifted to the healthy-like side of the SVM continuum. Our results reveal the utility of MVPA for elucidating treatment response neuromarkers based on rsFC-SP change and pave the road to more personalized interventions.
A multivariate neuromonitoring approach to neuroplasticity-based computerized cognitive training in recent onset psychosis / S.S. Haas, L.A. Antonucci, J. Wenzel, A. Ruef, B. Biagianti, M. Paolini, B. Rauchmann, J. Weiske, J. Kambeitz, S. Borgwardt, P. Brambilla, E. Meisenzahl, R.K.R. Salokangas, R. Upthegrove, S.J. Wood, N. Koutsouleris, L. Kambeitz-Ilankovic. - In: NEUROPSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 1740-634X. - (2020). [Epub ahead of print]
|Titolo:||A multivariate neuromonitoring approach to neuroplasticity-based computerized cognitive training in recent onset psychosis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||7-ott-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41386-020-00877-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|