Hypersensitivity drug reactions (HDRs) are common among drugs, despite this, there are no validated in vitro or in vivo methods for screening the sensitizing potential of drugs in the preclinical phase. We previously developed the THP-1 activation assay, based on CD86 upregulation and IL-8 production, for the in vitro identification of drugs able to induce selective dendritic cell activation. In this paper, we investigated the predictive capacity of the method toward drugs associated with HDRs for which a correlation with specific human leukocyte antigens (HLA) have been demonstrated. For that purpose, abacavir, carbamazepine and clozapine were used. Metformin was used as negative control. Dose- and time-course experiments were conducted. The surface markers CD86, CD54 and HLA-DR were evaluated by flow cytometry analysis, whereas IL-8 release by ELISA. Abacavir, carbamazepine and clozapine gave positive results with CD86 upregulation and/or IL-8 release, with abacavir also inducing HLA-DR. The test reveals the ability of drugs to induce dendritic cell activation (signals 1/2), that preceded the adaptive immune response, which will be manifested only in a minority of patients carrying the specific HLA genotypes. The idea is to integrate this simple method during drug development to identify the potential of drugs to induce hypersensitivity reactions in the pre-clinical phase.

In vitro identification of drugs inducing systemic hypersensitivity reactions known in vivo to be associated with specific HLA genotypes / M. Iulini, A. Maddalon, V. Galbiati, M. Marinovich, E. Corsini. - In: TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO. - ISSN 0887-2333. - 68(2020), pp. 104953.1-104953.5. [10.1016/j.tiv.2020.104953]

In vitro identification of drugs inducing systemic hypersensitivity reactions known in vivo to be associated with specific HLA genotypes

M. Iulini;A. Maddalon;V. Galbiati;M. Marinovich;E. Corsini
2020

Abstract

Hypersensitivity drug reactions (HDRs) are common among drugs, despite this, there are no validated in vitro or in vivo methods for screening the sensitizing potential of drugs in the preclinical phase. We previously developed the THP-1 activation assay, based on CD86 upregulation and IL-8 production, for the in vitro identification of drugs able to induce selective dendritic cell activation. In this paper, we investigated the predictive capacity of the method toward drugs associated with HDRs for which a correlation with specific human leukocyte antigens (HLA) have been demonstrated. For that purpose, abacavir, carbamazepine and clozapine were used. Metformin was used as negative control. Dose- and time-course experiments were conducted. The surface markers CD86, CD54 and HLA-DR were evaluated by flow cytometry analysis, whereas IL-8 release by ELISA. Abacavir, carbamazepine and clozapine gave positive results with CD86 upregulation and/or IL-8 release, with abacavir also inducing HLA-DR. The test reveals the ability of drugs to induce dendritic cell activation (signals 1/2), that preceded the adaptive immune response, which will be manifested only in a minority of patients carrying the specific HLA genotypes. The idea is to integrate this simple method during drug development to identify the potential of drugs to induce hypersensitivity reactions in the pre-clinical phase.
Hypersensitivity; THP-1 activation assay; HLA-DR; Dendritic cells; In vitro method
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/779234
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