We report the results of the spatial two-point correlation function xi (cc)(r) for the new X-ray galaxy cluster survey ROSAT-ESO Flux-Limited X-ray (REFLEX), which comprises 452 X-ray selected clusters (449 with redshifts) detected by the ROSAT satellite during the ROSAT All-Sky-Survey (RASS), The REFLEX cluster sample is flux limited to 3 x 10(-12) erg s(-1) cm(-2) in the ROSAT energy band (0.1-2.4 keV) and spans three decades in X-ray luminosity (10(42)-10(45) h(-2) erg s(-1)), containing galaxy groups and rich clusters out to a redshift z less than or equal to 0.3. Covering a contiguous area of 4.24 sr REFLEX is the largest X-ray cluster sample to date for which spatial clustering has been analysed. Correlation studies using clusters selected on the basis of their X-ray emission are particularly interesting as they are largely free from the projection biases inherent to optical studies. For the entire flux-limited sample we find that the correlation length (the scale at which the correlation amplitude passes through unity) r(0) similar or equal to 20 h(-1) Mpc. For example, if a power-law fit is made to xi (r) over the range 4-40 h(-1) Mpc then r(0) similar or equal to 18.8 +/- 0.9. An indication of the robustness of this result comes from the high degree of isotropy seen in the clustering pattern on scales close to the correlation length. On larger scales xi (cc)(r) deviates from a power-law, crossing zero at similar or equal to 45 h(-1) Mpc. From an examination of five volume-limited cluster subsamples we find no significant trend of r(0) with limiting X-ray luminosity, A comparison with recent model predictions for the clustering properties of X-ray flux-limited samples indicates that cold dark matter models with the matter density Omega (m) = 1 fail to produce sufficient clustering to account for the data, while Omega (m) similar or equal to 0.3 models provide an excellent fit.

The ROSAT-ESO flux-limited X-ray (REFLEX) galaxy cluster survey - II. The spatial correlation function / C.A. Collins, L. Guzzo, H. Böhringer, P. Schuecker, G. Chincarini, R. Cruddace, S. De Grandi, H.T. MacGillivray, D.M. Neumann, S. Schindler, P. Shaver, W. Voges. - In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0035-8711. - 319:3(2000), pp. 939-948. [10.1046/j.1365-8711.2000.03918.x]

The ROSAT-ESO flux-limited X-ray (REFLEX) galaxy cluster survey - II. The spatial correlation function

L. Guzzo;
2000

Abstract

We report the results of the spatial two-point correlation function xi (cc)(r) for the new X-ray galaxy cluster survey ROSAT-ESO Flux-Limited X-ray (REFLEX), which comprises 452 X-ray selected clusters (449 with redshifts) detected by the ROSAT satellite during the ROSAT All-Sky-Survey (RASS), The REFLEX cluster sample is flux limited to 3 x 10(-12) erg s(-1) cm(-2) in the ROSAT energy band (0.1-2.4 keV) and spans three decades in X-ray luminosity (10(42)-10(45) h(-2) erg s(-1)), containing galaxy groups and rich clusters out to a redshift z less than or equal to 0.3. Covering a contiguous area of 4.24 sr REFLEX is the largest X-ray cluster sample to date for which spatial clustering has been analysed. Correlation studies using clusters selected on the basis of their X-ray emission are particularly interesting as they are largely free from the projection biases inherent to optical studies. For the entire flux-limited sample we find that the correlation length (the scale at which the correlation amplitude passes through unity) r(0) similar or equal to 20 h(-1) Mpc. For example, if a power-law fit is made to xi (r) over the range 4-40 h(-1) Mpc then r(0) similar or equal to 18.8 +/- 0.9. An indication of the robustness of this result comes from the high degree of isotropy seen in the clustering pattern on scales close to the correlation length. On larger scales xi (cc)(r) deviates from a power-law, crossing zero at similar or equal to 45 h(-1) Mpc. From an examination of five volume-limited cluster subsamples we find no significant trend of r(0) with limiting X-ray luminosity, A comparison with recent model predictions for the clustering properties of X-ray flux-limited samples indicates that cold dark matter models with the matter density Omega (m) = 1 fail to produce sufficient clustering to account for the data, while Omega (m) similar or equal to 0.3 models provide an excellent fit.
surveys; galaxies : clusters : general; large-scale structure of Universe; X-rays : galaxies
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/777262
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