Objectives: COVID-19 causes lung parenchymal and endothelial damage that lead to hypoxic acute respiratory failure (hARF). The influence of hARF severity on patients' outcomes is still poorly understood. Design: Observational, prospective, multicentre study. Setting: Three academic hospitals in Milan (Italy) involving three respiratory high dependency units and three general wards. Participants: Consecutive adult hospitalised patients with a virologically confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19. Patients aged <18 years or unable to provide informed consent were excluded. Interventions: Anthropometrical, clinical characteristics and blood biomarkers were assessed within the first 24 hours from admission. hARF was graded as follows: severe (partial pressure of oxygen to fraction of inspired oxygen ratio (PaO2/FiO2) <100 mm Hg); moderate (PaO2/FiO2 101-200 mm Hg); mild (PaO2/FiO2 201-300 mm Hg) and normal (PaO2/FiO2 >300 mm Hg). Primary and secondary outcome measures: The primary outcome was the assessment of clinical characteristics and in-hospital mortality based on the severity of respiratory failure. Secondary outcomes were intubation rate and application of continuous positive airway pressure during hospital stay. Results: 412 patients were enrolled (280 males, 68%). Median (IQR) age was 66 (55-76) years with a PaO2/FiO2 at admission of 262 (140-343) mm Hg. 50.2% had a cardiovascular disease. Prevalence of mild, moderate and severe hARF was 24.4%, 21.9% and 15.5%, respectively. In-hospital mortality proportionally increased with increasing impairment of gas exchange (p<0.001). The only independent risk factors for mortality were age ≥65 years (HR 3.41; 95% CI 2.00 to 5.78, p<0.0001), PaO2/FiO2 ratio ≤200 mm Hg (HR 3.57; 95% CI 2.20 to 5.77, p<0.0001) and respiratory failure at admission (HR 3.58; 95% CI 1.05 to 12.18, p=0.04). Conclusions: A moderate-to-severe impairment in PaO2/FiO2 was independently associated with a threefold increase in risk of in-hospital mortality. Severity of respiratory failure is useful to identify patients at higher risk of mortality. Trial registration number: NCT04307459.
Severity of respiratory failure at admission and in-hospital mortality in patients with COVID-19: a prospective observational multicentre study / P. Santus, D. Radovanovic, L. Saderi, P. Marino Gallina, C. Cogliati, G. De Filippis, M. Rizzi, E. Franceschi, S. Pini, F. Giuliani, M. Del Medico, G. Nucera, V. Valenti, F. Tursi, G. Sotgiu. - In: BMJ OPEN. - ISSN 2044-6055. - 10:10(2020 Oct 10).
|Titolo:||Severity of respiratory failure at admission and in-hospital mortality in patients with COVID-19: a prospective observational multicentre study|
SANTUS, PIERACHILLE (Primo) (Corresponding)
RADOVANOVIC, DEJAN (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||COVID-19; respiratory infections; respiratory medicine (see thoracic medicine); respiratory physiology; virology;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio|
Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
|Data di pubblicazione:||10-ott-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-043651|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|