This paper reports a quantitative genetics analysis of weeping teats (WT), an abnormality of the mammary gland in goats. Weeping teats are characterized by milk oozing out of the teat or by the presence of multiple cysts near its base. This abnormality has been routinely recorded in Italian Alpine and Saanen goats since 2000 using a score of 0 or 1 (0 = defect not present, 1 = defect present). No information is available on the genetic background of WT or its relationship with production or other udder-related traits. Data obtained by the Italian National Sheep and Goat Breeders Association (Rome, Italy) were used to estimate both heritability of WT and its genetic correlation with milk yield, somatic cell score, and udder traits. The final data set used in the analysis included 2,178 Saanen and 2,309 Alpine primiparous goats kidding from 2009 to 2014. The pedigree data included 7,333 Saanen and 7,421 Alpines, respectively. A threshold–linear multivariate animal model was used to estimate variance and covariance components. A genealogical data analysis was also implemented, including genealogical data completeness, inbreeding, and identification of possible most recent common ancestors. On average, around 4 and 13% of primiparous Saanen and Alpine females kidding from 2009 to 2014 showed mammary gland abnormality, respectively. Weeping teats heritability was 0.27 and 0.26 for Saanen and Alpine, respectively. Genetic correlations between milk production or somatic cell score ranged from −0.16 in Saanen to 0.43 in Alpine, but the standard error of the estimates was very large. Positive genetic correlations were observed among WT and teat characteristics in both Saanen and Alpine. The average inbreeding of abnormality carriers was 2.4 and 5.1 for Saanen and Alpine, respectively. The genealogical data analysis identified 4 common ancestors of affected does in Saanen and 2 in Alpine. These results indicate that WT have a possible genetic background. A genome-wide association study might help in understanding the polygenic or monogenic determination of this abnormality.
Genetic parameters of weeping teats in Italian Saanen and Alpine dairy goats and their relationship with milk production and somatic cell score / S. Biffani, F. Tiezzi, P. Fresi, A. Stella, G. Minozzi. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 103:10(2020 Oct), pp. 9167-9176.
|Titolo:||Genetic parameters of weeping teats in Italian Saanen and Alpine dairy goats and their relationship with milk production and somatic cell score|
|Parole Chiave:||ancestor; genetic correlation; goat; heritability; weeping teat|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2020-18175|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|