Genetic counseling applied to limb–girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) can be very challenging due to their clinical and genetic heterogeneity and the availability of different molecular assays. Genetic counseling should therefore be addressed to select the most suitable approach to increase the diagnostic rate and provide an accurate estimation of recurrence risk. This is particularly true for families with a positive history for recessive LGMD, in which the presence of a known pathogenetic mutation segregating within the family may not be enough to exclude the risk of having affected children without exploring the genetic background of phenotypically unaffected partners. In this work, we presented a family with a positive history for LGMD2A (OMIM #253600, also known as calpainopathy) characterized by compound heterozygosity for two CAPN3 mutations. The genetic specialist suggested the segregation analysis of both mutations within the family as a first-level analysis. Sequentially, next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis was performed in the partners of healthy carriers to provide an accurate recurrence/reproductive risk estimation considering the genetic background of the couple. Finally, this work highlighted the importance of providing a genetic counseling/testing service even in unaffected individuals with a carrier partner. This approach can support genetic counselors in estimating the reproductive/recurrence risk and eventually, suggesting prenatal testing, early diagnosis or other medical surveillance strategies.
Genetic counseling and ngs screening for recessive lgmd2a families / C. Strafella, V. Caputo, G. Campoli, R.M. Galota, J. Mela, S. Zampatti, G. Minozzi, C. Sancricca, S. Servidei, E. Giardina, R. Cascella. - In: HIGH-THROUGHPUT. - ISSN 2571-5135. - 9:2(2020 Jun), pp. 13.1-13.8.
|Titolo:||Genetic counseling and ngs screening for recessive lgmd2a families|
|Parole Chiave:||CAPN3; Data analysis; Family history; Genetic counseling; LGMD2A; Next-generation sequencing; Recurrence/reproductive risk|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/17 - Zootecnica Generale e Miglioramento Genetico|
Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ht9020013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|