Purpose: To describe various clinical features of idiopathic juxtafoveal retinal telangiectasis group 2A or idiopathic macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel) on multicolor imaging (MCI) and compare imaging findings of MacTel on MCI with fundus autofluorescence (FAF). Methods: Patients with a clinical diagnosis of MacTel based on Gass and Blodi’s classification were included. FAF and MCI images were graded qualitatively for stage of disease, margins of involvement, hyperautofluorescence on FAF (corresponding retinal atrophy on MCI), and detection of crystals. FAF and MCI were graded quantitatively for the area and number of quadrants involved, hypoautofluorescene on FAF (corresponding intraretinal pigment hyperplasia or retinal pigment epithelium [RPE] atrophy on MCI), and foci of right-angled venules. Results: Seventy-eight eyes of forty five patients were included with both imaging modalities showing no difference with respect to staging of non-proliferative MacTel. Retinal crystals were recognized on MCI but not on FAF. Neurosensory retinal atrophy and subretinal neovascular membranes were detected using MCI with 92.3 and 83.3% sensitivity, respectively. Intraretinal pigmented hyperplasia was more accurately detected (70.1 vs 58.4%) compared with RPE atrophy on MCI. MCI showed larger area of involvement, higher number of quadrants involved (p < 0.001), and better delineation of margins (p = 0.002) compared with FAF. A higher mean number of vessel dipping foci was noted on MCI in comparison with FAF (3.34 vs 3.1). Conclusion: Various parameters were more easily defined using MCI compared with FAF which qualifies MCI as an enface depth-resolved imaging adjunct to conventional multimodal imaging in MacTel. The ability to detect enface as well as cross-sectional imaging features makes MCI a valuable tool in MacTel.

Multicolor imaging in macular telangiectasia—a comparison with fundus autofluorescence / V. Govindahari, S. Fraser-Bell, A.G. Ayachit, A. Invernizzi, U. Nair, D.V. Nair, M. Lupidi, S.R. Singh, A. Rajendran, D. Zur, R. Gallego-Pinazo, R.D. Marco, C. Cagini, M. Cozzi, J. Chhablani. - In: GRAEFE'S ARCHIVE FOR CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL OPHTHALMOLOGY. - ISSN 0721-832X. - (2020). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s00417-020-04878-3]

Multicolor imaging in macular telangiectasia—a comparison with fundus autofluorescence

A. Invernizzi;M. Cozzi;
2020

Abstract

Purpose: To describe various clinical features of idiopathic juxtafoveal retinal telangiectasis group 2A or idiopathic macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel) on multicolor imaging (MCI) and compare imaging findings of MacTel on MCI with fundus autofluorescence (FAF). Methods: Patients with a clinical diagnosis of MacTel based on Gass and Blodi’s classification were included. FAF and MCI images were graded qualitatively for stage of disease, margins of involvement, hyperautofluorescence on FAF (corresponding retinal atrophy on MCI), and detection of crystals. FAF and MCI were graded quantitatively for the area and number of quadrants involved, hypoautofluorescene on FAF (corresponding intraretinal pigment hyperplasia or retinal pigment epithelium [RPE] atrophy on MCI), and foci of right-angled venules. Results: Seventy-eight eyes of forty five patients were included with both imaging modalities showing no difference with respect to staging of non-proliferative MacTel. Retinal crystals were recognized on MCI but not on FAF. Neurosensory retinal atrophy and subretinal neovascular membranes were detected using MCI with 92.3 and 83.3% sensitivity, respectively. Intraretinal pigmented hyperplasia was more accurately detected (70.1 vs 58.4%) compared with RPE atrophy on MCI. MCI showed larger area of involvement, higher number of quadrants involved (p < 0.001), and better delineation of margins (p = 0.002) compared with FAF. A higher mean number of vessel dipping foci was noted on MCI in comparison with FAF (3.34 vs 3.1). Conclusion: Various parameters were more easily defined using MCI compared with FAF which qualifies MCI as an enface depth-resolved imaging adjunct to conventional multimodal imaging in MacTel. The ability to detect enface as well as cross-sectional imaging features makes MCI a valuable tool in MacTel.
Confocal-scanning laser ophthalmoscopy; Fundus autofluorescence; Macular telangiectasia; Multicolor imaging
Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/773741
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