Palladium-catalyzed domino reactions are advanced tools in achieving various nitrogen-containing heterocycles in an efficient and economical manner due to the reduced number of steps in the process. This review highlights recent advances in domino processes aimed at the synthesis of indole derivatives and polycyclic systems containing the indole nucleus in intra/intra- or intra/intermolecular reactions. In particular, we consider domino processes that involve a double bond in a step of the sequence, which allow the issue of regioselectivity in the cyclization to be faced and overcome. The different sections in this review focus on the synthesis of the indole nucleus and functionalization of the scaffold starting from different substrates that have been identified as activated starting materials, which involve a halogenated moiety or unactivated unsaturated systems. In the former case, the reaction is under Pd(0) catalysis, and in the second case a Pd(II) catalytic species is required and then an oxidant is necessary to reconvert the Pd(0) into the active Pd(II) species. On the other hand, the second method has the advantage that it uses easy available and inexpensive substrates.
Pd-Catalyzed Domino Reactions Involving Alkenes to Access Substituted Indole Derivatives / M.S. Christodoulou, E.M. Beccalli, F. Foschi, S. Giofrè. - In: SYNTHESIS. - ISSN 0039-7881. - 52:19(2020), pp. 2731-2760.
|Titolo:||Pd-Catalyzed Domino Reactions Involving Alkenes to Access Substituted Indole Derivatives|
|Parole Chiave:||palladium; indole; domino reactions; C-H activation; cyclization; cascade reactions; catalysis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1707123|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|