Anopheles gambiae and An. coluzzii, the two most important malaria vectors in sub-Saharan Africa, are recently radiated sibling species that are reproductively isolated even in areas of sympatry. In females from these species, sexual transfer of male accessory gland products, including the steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), induces vast behavioral, physiological, and transcriptional changes that profoundly shape their post-mating ecology, and that may have contributed to the insurgence of post-mating, prezygotic reproductive barriers. As these barriers can be detected by studying transcriptional changes induced by mating, we set out to analyze the post-mating response of An. gambiae and An. coluzzii females captured in natural mating swarms in Burkina Faso. While the molecular pathways shaping short- and long-term mating-induced changes are largely conserved in females from the two species, we unravel significant inter-specific differences that suggest divergent regulation of key reproductive processes such as egg development, processing of seminal secretion, and mating behavior, that may have played a role in reproductive isolation. Interestingly, a number of these changes occur in genes previously shown to be regulated by the sexual transfer of 20E and may be due to divergent utilization of this steroid hormone in the two species.
Analysis of natural female post-mating responses of Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles coluzzii unravels similarities and differences in their reproductive ecology / J. Thailayil, P. Gabrieli, B. Caputo, P. Bascunan, A. South, A. Diabate, R. Dabire, A. Della Torre, F. Catteruccia. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 8:1(2018), pp. 6594.1-6594.10.
|Titolo:||Analysis of natural female post-mating responses of Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles coluzzii unravels similarities and differences in their reproductive ecology|
GABRIELI, PAOLO (Co-primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Animals; Burkina Faso; Female; Gene Expression Profiling; Gene Expression Regulation; Male; Transcriptome; Anopheles; Ecology; Reproduction; Sexual Behavior, Animal|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-24923-w|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|