This ethnobotanical survey was carried out in Caspoggio (Valmalenco, SO, Italy) with the purpose of investigating the traditional uses of medicinal plants. Moreover, a bibliographic research meant to validate or refute the uses, focusing on the potentially responsible compounds, was performed. Fifty-nine species, attributable to 30 families (Asteraceae, Pinaceae, Malvaceae, and Lamiaceae the most cited), were mentioned. Arnica montana, anti-inflammatory for traumas and musculoskeletal pains; Pinus mugo, expectorant; Malva sylvestris, anti-inflammatory and soothing; Achillea moschata, digestive. The compounds, responsible for the therapeutic activities, are often polyphenols and terpenoids: helenanin in A. montana, -pinene, -3-carene, and limonene in P. mugo, gossypin and malvin in M. sylvestris, luteolin and apigenin in A. moschata. Scientific evidence for at least one of the traditional activities described was found for 50 species but only in 26 out of 196 works consulted, it is possible to make a comparison between investigated extracts and traditional preparations. This study is thus a stimulus to new phytochemical investigations, mimicking as much as possible the traditional preparations. This work is part of the European Interreg Italy-Switzerland B-ICE project, aimed at creating a management model for the ongoing climate change and searching for new sources of territory valorization as attractions for tourists.
Using medicinal plants in Valmalenco (Italian Alps): from tradition to scientific approach / M. Bottoni, F. Milani, L. Colombo, K. Nallio, P. Sira Colombo, C. Giuliani, P. Bruschi, G. Fico. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 25:18(2020 Sep 10), pp. 4144.1-4144.27.
|Titolo:||Using medicinal plants in Valmalenco (Italian Alps): from tradition to scientific approaches|
BOTTONI, MARTINA (Primo)
MILANI, FABRIZIA (Secondo)
FICO, GELSOMINA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Valmalenco; ethnobotany; traditional uses; medicinal plants; climate change|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/15 - Biologia Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||10-set-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25184144|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|