Despite the high incidence of acute and chronic pain in the general population, the efficacy of currently available medications is unsatisfactory. Insufficient management of pain has a profound impact on the quality of life and can have serious physical, psychological, social, and economic consequences. This unmet need reflects a failure to develop novel classes of analgesic drugs with superior clinical properties and lower risk of abuse. Nevertheless, recent advances in our understanding of the neurobiology of pain are offering new opportunities for developing different therapeutic approaches. Among those, the activation of M2 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, which play a key role in the cholinergic regulation of the nociceptive transmission, constitutes one of the most promising strategies. We have recently developed a small library of novel pharmacological agents by merging the structures of known orthosteric and allosteric muscarinic ligands through their molecular hybridization, an emerging approach in medicinal chemistry based on the combination of pharmacophoric moieties of different bioactive substances to produce a new compound with improved pharmacological properties. Herein we report the functional characterization of the new ligands in vitro and the assessment of their efficacy as analgesic agents and tolerability in mice. This work provides new insights for the development and optimization of novel muscarinic hybrid compounds for the management of pain.
Novel Analgesic Agents Obtained by Molecular Hybridization of Orthosteric and Allosteric Ligands / C. Matera, L. Flammini, F. Riefolo, G. Domenichini, M. De Amici, E. Barocelli, C. Dallanoce, S. Bertoni. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2999. - 876(2020).
|Titolo:||Novel Analgesic Agents Obtained by Molecular Hybridization of Orthosteric and Allosteric Ligands|
|Parole Chiave:||Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor; Allosteric; Orthosteric; Molecular hybridization; Analgesia; Hybrid ligand|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||5-giu-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2020.173061|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|