In this study we have evaluated the detectability of lead deriving from Gunshot Residues (GSR) on human bone using colorimetric techniques as well as the possible interferences of decalcification on the stainability of these particles. 22 well preserved cadavers were divided into two groups: group A enlisted 11 victims deceased because of gunshot injuries (bones and soft tissues sampled in correspondence of the entry wound of the bullet)- and group B, comprehending 11 victims deceased for natural causes (specimens sampled from intact skin areas). All the samples, after decalcification processes for bone specimens with a 14 % HCl solution, underwent standard histological procedures and were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), sodium rhodizonate (Na-R) and acidified sodium rhodizonate (Na-R-HCl 5 %). Two additional slides of soft tissues for each group were pre-treated with HCl 14 % before being stained with likewise staining. In group A, 10 samples out of 11 resulted to be negative to Na-R and Na-R−HCl 5% techniques while all the corresponding soft tissues resulted to be positive for the same staining. Additional soft tissue slides processed with 14 % HCl solution were negative in 10 cases out of 11. No sample in group B showed positivity to the staining procedures neither with nor without pre-treatment with 14 % HCl. The search for GSR residues on human bone is therefore not executable with Na-R and Na-R-HCl 5 % techniques since the essential decalcifying procedure modifies the stainability of the residues therefore adulterating the results.
Is it possible to detect lead derived from gunshot residues on decalcified human bone by means of a histochemical staining with sodium rhodizonate? / G. Gentile, S. Tambuzzi, S. Andreola, M. Boracchi, L. Gibelli, A.S. Migliorini, R. Zoja. - In: FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0379-0738. - 316(2020 Nov).
|Titolo:||Is it possible to detect lead derived from gunshot residues on decalcified human bone by means of a histochemical staining with sodium rhodizonate?|
GENTILE, GUENDALINA (Primo)
TAMBUZZI, STEFANO (Secondo)
ZOIA, RICCARDO (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Decalcification; Forensic pathology; Gunshot residues; Human bone; Sodium rhodizonate|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||mag-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2020.110474|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|