ackground Patients with high microsatellite instability (MSI) gastric cancer (GC) show improved survival and no benefit or harm from adjuvant and/or perioperative chemotherapy. The role of immune microenvironment in GC is largely unknown. Materials and Methods In the present study, 256 tumor tissue blocks were centrally collected from patients enrolled in ITACA-S, a randomized adjuvant trial of 5-FU/LV versus sequential FOLFIRI and cisplatin-docetaxel. MSI status was assessed by multiplex PCR, inflammatory reaction by H&E morphological assessment, and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression by immunohistochemistry. Results Overall, 9% patients had MSI-high tumors, 23% had high inflammatory reaction, 11% had tumor PD-L1 >= 1%, and 11% had stromal PD-L1 >= 1%. A significant association with disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) was found for MSI-high (hazard ratio [HR], 0.43; p = .02; HR, 0.40; p = .02) and high inflammatory reaction (HR, 0.55; p = .010; HR, 0.53; p = .008) but not for PD-L1. At multivariable analysis, only MSI showed an independent association with both DFS (p = .02) and OS (p = .01), whereas inflammatory reaction showed an independent association only with OS (p = .04). Patients with tumor PD-L1 >= 1% had a significantly longer DFS in sequential chemotherapy than in than 5-FU/LV arm (interaction p = .04) and a trend for OS (interaction p = .12). Conclusion Our data suggest that MSI status could be a useful prognostic biomarker in patients with radically resected stage II-III GC and should be used as stratification factor in future trials. Tumor PD-L1 >= 1% should be further investigated as a potential predictor of benefit from intensive chemotherapy. Implications for Practice In this post hoc analysis of patients with radically resected gastric cancer randomized to an intensive sequential chemotherapy regimen versus 5-FU/LV monotherapy as adjuvant treatment in the ITACA-S trial, MSI-high status was independently associated with better disease-free survival and overall survival (OS) and inflammatory reaction was independently associated with better OS. Moreover, tumor PD-L1 expression >= 1% was associated with greater benefit from intensive sequential chemotherapy compared with 5-fluorouracil plus leucovorin (5-FU/LV), whereas PD-L1 expression <1% was not, conditioning a statistically significant interaction between such biomarker and treatment arms. The meta-analysis of individual patients' data from available studies could yield data on the role of MSI status that could inform clinical decisions.
Prognostic and Predictive Value of Microsatellite Instability, Inflammatory Reaction and PD-L1 in Gastric Cancer Patients Treated with Either Adjuvant 5-FU/LV or Sequential FOLFIRI Followed by Cisplatin and Docetaxel : A Translational Analysis from the ITACA-S Trial. Oncologist / M. Di Bartolomeo, F. Morano, A. Raimondi, R. Miceli, S. Corallo, E. Tamborini, F. Perrone, M. Antista, M. Niger, A. Pellegrinelli, G. Randon, F. Pagani, A. Martinetti, G. Fucà, F. Pietrantonio. - In: THE ONCOLOGIST. - ISSN 1083-7159. - 25:3(2020 Mar), pp. e460-e468.
|Titolo:||Prognostic and Predictive Value of Microsatellite Instability, Inflammatory Reaction and PD-L1 in Gastric Cancer Patients Treated with Either Adjuvant 5-FU/LV or Sequential FOLFIRI Followed by Cisplatin and Docetaxel : A Translational Analysis from the ITACA-S Trial. Oncologist|
|Parole Chiave:||Gastric cancer; Microsatellite instability; Adjuvant chemotherapy; PD-L1; Biomarkers|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||25-nov-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2019-0471|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|