Infections by multiresistant microorganisms have led to a continuous investigation of substances acting as modifiers of this resistance. By following this approach, the chemical composition of the essential oil from Piper caldense leaf and its antimicrobial potential were investigated. The antimicrobial activity was determined by broth microdilution method providing values for minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), IC50, and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC). The essential oil was tested as a modulator for several antibiotics, and its effect on the morphology of Candida albicans (CA) strains was also investigated. The chemical characterization revealed an oil composed mainly of sesquiterpenes. Among them are caryophyllene oxide (13.9%), spathulenol (9.1%), δ-cadinene (7.6%) and bicyclogermacrene (6.7%) with the highest concentrations. The essential oil showed very low activity against the strains of CA with the lowest values for IC50 and MFC of 1790 μg/mL and 8192 μg/mL, respectively. The essential oil modulated the activity of fluconazole against CA URM 4387 strain, which was demonstrated by the lower IC50 obtained, 2.7 μg/mL, whereas fluconazole itself presented an IC50 of 7.76 μg/mL. No modulating effect was observed in the MFC bioassays. The effect on fungal morphology was observed for both CA INCQS 40006 and URM 4387 strains. The hyphae projection was completely inhibited at 4096 μg/mL and 2048 μg/mL, respectively. Thus, the oil has potential as an adjuvant in antimicrobial formulations.
Antibiotic potential and chemical composition of the essential oil of Piper caldense C. DC. (Piperaceae) / J.W.A. Bezerra, F.C. Rodrigues, R.P. da Cruz, L.E. da Silva, W. do Amaral, R.A. Rebelo, I.M. Begnini, C.F. Bezerra, M. Iriti, E.M. Varoni, H.D.M. Coutinho, M.F.B. Morais-Braga. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 10:2(2020 Jan), pp. 631.1-631.11.
|Titolo:||Antibiotic potential and chemical composition of the essential oil of Piper caldense C. DC. (Piperaceae)|
IRITI, MARCELLO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Candida; Fungistatic eect; GC/MS; Inhibition of dimorphism; Pimenta d'água|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/12 - Patologia Vegetale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/app10020631|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|