Rawal et al. identify a non-canonical mechanism of DSB processing in yeast cells lacking the Senataxin ortholog Sen1 helicase, which strictly depends on DNA:RNA hybrid formation at the break and is associated with unfaithful DSB repair and genome instability. An important but still enigmatic function of DNA:RNA hybrids is their role in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. Here, we show that Sen1, the budding yeast ortholog of the human helicase Senataxin, is recruited at an HO endonuclease-induced DSB and limits the local accumulation of DNA:RNA hybrids. In the absence of Sen1, hybrid accumulation proximal to the DSB promotes increased binding of the Ku70-80 (KU) complex at the break site, mutagenic non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), micro-homology-mediated end joining (MMEJ), and chromosome translocations. We also show that homology-directed recombination (HDR) by gene conversion is mostly proficient in sen1 mutants after single DSB. However, in the absence of Sen1, DNA:RNA hybrids, Mre11, and Dna2 initiate resection through a non-canonical mechanism. We propose that this resection mechanism through local DNA:RNA hybrids acts as a backup to prime HDR when canonical pathways are altered, but at the expense of genome integrity.

Senataxin Ortholog Sen1 Limits DNA:RNA Hybrid Accumulation at DNA Double-Strand Breaks to Control End Resection and Repair Fidelity / C.C. Rawal, L. Zardoni, M. Di Terlizzi, E. Galati, A. Brambati, F. Lazzaro, G. Liberi, A. Pellicioli. - In: CELL REPORTS. - ISSN 2211-1247. - 31:5(2020 May), pp. 107603.1-107603.8.

Senataxin Ortholog Sen1 Limits DNA:RNA Hybrid Accumulation at DNA Double-Strand Breaks to Control End Resection and Repair Fidelity

M. Di Terlizzi;E. Galati;F. Lazzaro;G. Liberi
;
A. Pellicioli
Ultimo
2020-05

Abstract

Rawal et al. identify a non-canonical mechanism of DSB processing in yeast cells lacking the Senataxin ortholog Sen1 helicase, which strictly depends on DNA:RNA hybrid formation at the break and is associated with unfaithful DSB repair and genome instability. An important but still enigmatic function of DNA:RNA hybrids is their role in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. Here, we show that Sen1, the budding yeast ortholog of the human helicase Senataxin, is recruited at an HO endonuclease-induced DSB and limits the local accumulation of DNA:RNA hybrids. In the absence of Sen1, hybrid accumulation proximal to the DSB promotes increased binding of the Ku70-80 (KU) complex at the break site, mutagenic non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), micro-homology-mediated end joining (MMEJ), and chromosome translocations. We also show that homology-directed recombination (HDR) by gene conversion is mostly proficient in sen1 mutants after single DSB. However, in the absence of Sen1, DNA:RNA hybrids, Mre11, and Dna2 initiate resection through a non-canonical mechanism. We propose that this resection mechanism through local DNA:RNA hybrids acts as a backup to prime HDR when canonical pathways are altered, but at the expense of genome integrity.
Dna2; DNA:RNA hybrid; DSB repair; DSB resection; Mre11; Sen1/Senataxin
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/766469
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