In the light of recent intensity-voltage low energy electron diffraction (LEED-IV) experiments [Surf. Sci. 316, 92 (1994); Surf. Rev. Lett. 10, 487 (2003)], the electronic and geometric structure of a water bilayer adsorbed at the Ru(0001) surface are investigated through first-principles total energy calculations, using periodic slab geometries and gradient-corrected density functional theory (DFT). We consider five possible bilayer structures, all roughly consistent with the LEED-IV analysis (three intact structures and two half-dissociated), and a water single layer at Ru(0001). Adsorption energies and substrate-adsorbate geometry parameters are given and discussed in the light of the experiments. We also give a comparative analysis of the electron density redistribution (Δρ) and of the dipole moment change (Δμ) induced by water adsorption on the Ru(0001) surface. In agreement with Feibelman [Science 295, 99 (2002)], the half-dissociated structures are found to be more stable than the intact ones, and their adsorption geometries in better agreement with the LEED-IV data. However, the Δρ analysis shows that a half-dissociated structure induces a Δμ>0, which would be incompatible with the experimentally measured decrease of the work function following bilayer adsorption; the latter would be consistent, instead, with the Δμ<0 induced by the intact structures. It is the aim of this paper to compare various possible adsorption structures, most of them already considered previously, with one and the same method. For this purpose, thick slabs and restrictive computational parameters are chosen to generally address the accuracy and the limits of DFT in reproducing adsorption energies and bond lengths of water-metal interacting systems.
|Titolo:||Water adsorption at metal surfaces: A first-principles study of the p(sqr3 x sqr3)R30° H2O bilayer on Ru(0001)|
TANTARDINI, GIAN FRANCO (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||25-apr-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1103/PhysRevB.71.155414|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|