Objectives: Spread through air spaces (STAS) is a recently proposed invasion way of lung cancer, including neuroendocrine (NE) neoplasms. However, if this phenomenon is a real one or an artifact while manipulating lung specimens, it is still matter of debate. Material and methods: Three consecutive patients with newly diagnosed diffuse idiopathic pulmonary NE cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) were reviewed for STAS. Results: In well-fixed lung specimens, DIPNECH was seen to coexist with atypical carcinoid, bifocal typical carcinoid and adenocarcinoma in the three patients, respectively. While STAS was not observed at the growing edges of tumors, a few freely-floating aggregates of hyperplastic NE cells within air spaces were noticed to emanate from foci of NE hyperplasia and tumorlets and in intimate association with normal bronchiolar cells and erythrocytes to denote artifactual derivation upon tissue manipulation. Conclusions: Traveling of hyperplastic NE cells through air spaces is likely to artifactually occur via knife, surgeon or other way, thus challenging invasion by STAS.

Spread of hyperplastic pulmonary neuroendocrine cells into air spaces (S.H.I.P.M.E.N.T.S) : a proof for artifact / G. Pelosi, F. Nesa, D. Taietti, S.P. Servillo, N. Papanikolaou, M. Zompatori, A. Meroni, S. Harari, M. Incarbone. - In: LUNG CANCER. - ISSN 0169-5002. - 137(2019), pp. 43-47. [10.1016/j.lungcan.2019.09.006]

Spread of hyperplastic pulmonary neuroendocrine cells into air spaces (S.H.I.P.M.E.N.T.S) : a proof for artifact

G. Pelosi
;
F. Nesa;D. Taietti;S.P. Servillo;S. Harari;
2019

Abstract

Objectives: Spread through air spaces (STAS) is a recently proposed invasion way of lung cancer, including neuroendocrine (NE) neoplasms. However, if this phenomenon is a real one or an artifact while manipulating lung specimens, it is still matter of debate. Material and methods: Three consecutive patients with newly diagnosed diffuse idiopathic pulmonary NE cell hyperplasia (DIPNECH) were reviewed for STAS. Results: In well-fixed lung specimens, DIPNECH was seen to coexist with atypical carcinoid, bifocal typical carcinoid and adenocarcinoma in the three patients, respectively. While STAS was not observed at the growing edges of tumors, a few freely-floating aggregates of hyperplastic NE cells within air spaces were noticed to emanate from foci of NE hyperplasia and tumorlets and in intimate association with normal bronchiolar cells and erythrocytes to denote artifactual derivation upon tissue manipulation. Conclusions: Traveling of hyperplastic NE cells through air spaces is likely to artifactually occur via knife, surgeon or other way, thus challenging invasion by STAS.
Artifact; Displacement; Hyperplasia; Neuroendocrine cells; Spread through air spaces; Tumorlets; Adenocarcinoma of Lung; Aged; Artifacts; Carcinoid Tumor; Female; Humans; Hyperplasia; Lung Neoplasms; Male; Middle Aged; Neoplasm Invasiveness; Neuroendocrine Cells; Neuroendocrine Tumors; Prognosis
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/765603
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