Nasal or nasopharyngeal swabs are often employed for etiological diagnoses of bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC), buttranstracheal wash (TTW) can provide samples to assess the microbiological status of the lower respiratory tract because thereis no contamination of the microorganisms from the upper respiratory airways. In large animals, a TTW is performed by meansof angiocatheter or trocar, where a rubber tube or urinary catheter can be inserted. Although sterile instruments are common-ly recommended, there is little practical information on the available tools for TTW. This case series reports the use of a disposablesterile single lumen polyurethane and plastic-coated venous catheter (Cavafix® Certo with Splittocan®, BBraun, Milan, Italy) toperform TTW in dairy calves affected by BRCD. Thirty-seven Holstein-Friesian calves with BRDC, admitted to the veterinaryteaching hospital, underwent a TTW. After sedation of the calf, the disposable catheter was inserted into the tracheal lumen and20 mL of sterile saline solution was injected and re-aspirated.The procedure was always well tolerated and allowed to isolate the pathogenic microorganisms in 30 cases (81%). A single path-ogenic microorganism was isolated in 23 cases, while in 7 cases, multiple isolations were performed. The most frequently iso-lated pathogens were Pasteurella multocida (13 cases, 35.14%) and Mycoplasma bovis(11 cases, 29.76%). Parainfluenza type 3virus (PI-3) and bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) were both isolated in 4 cases. In 7 calves, already treated with antibioticsbefore hospitalization, the samples resulted sterile. In cattle the most employed tools to perform TTW are represented by uri-nary catheters or polyethylene tubes but they are not equipped with protective devices, that preserve sterility during the proce-dure. The characteristic plastic sheath covering Cavafix® Certo catheter avoids contamination during the entire procedure, in-creasing thereby the asepsis level of this technique. The use of Cavafix® Certo catheter is a simple, effective, and safe techniquethat can help to maintain asepsis throughout the procedure, especially in field conditions.

Case report: use of a plastic-coated catheter for transtracheal wash in 37 dairy calves affected by respiratory disease complex / D. Pravettoni, G. Sala, E. Coppoletta, S. Ferraro, C. Masotti, A. Belloli, A. Boccardo. - In: LARGE ANIMALS REVIEW. - ISSN 1124-4593. - 26:4(2020 Sep 07), pp. 195-200.

Case report: use of a plastic-coated catheter for transtracheal wash in 37 dairy calves affected by respiratory disease complex

DAVIDE PRAVETTONI;GIULIA SALA;ANGELO BELLOLI;ANTONIO BOCCARDO
2020-09-07

Abstract

Nasal or nasopharyngeal swabs are often employed for etiological diagnoses of bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC), buttranstracheal wash (TTW) can provide samples to assess the microbiological status of the lower respiratory tract because thereis no contamination of the microorganisms from the upper respiratory airways. In large animals, a TTW is performed by meansof angiocatheter or trocar, where a rubber tube or urinary catheter can be inserted. Although sterile instruments are common-ly recommended, there is little practical information on the available tools for TTW. This case series reports the use of a disposablesterile single lumen polyurethane and plastic-coated venous catheter (Cavafix® Certo with Splittocan®, BBraun, Milan, Italy) toperform TTW in dairy calves affected by BRCD. Thirty-seven Holstein-Friesian calves with BRDC, admitted to the veterinaryteaching hospital, underwent a TTW. After sedation of the calf, the disposable catheter was inserted into the tracheal lumen and20 mL of sterile saline solution was injected and re-aspirated.The procedure was always well tolerated and allowed to isolate the pathogenic microorganisms in 30 cases (81%). A single path-ogenic microorganism was isolated in 23 cases, while in 7 cases, multiple isolations were performed. The most frequently iso-lated pathogens were Pasteurella multocida (13 cases, 35.14%) and Mycoplasma bovis(11 cases, 29.76%). Parainfluenza type 3virus (PI-3) and bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) were both isolated in 4 cases. In 7 calves, already treated with antibioticsbefore hospitalization, the samples resulted sterile. In cattle the most employed tools to perform TTW are represented by uri-nary catheters or polyethylene tubes but they are not equipped with protective devices, that preserve sterility during the proce-dure. The characteristic plastic sheath covering Cavafix® Certo catheter avoids contamination during the entire procedure, in-creasing thereby the asepsis level of this technique. The use of Cavafix® Certo catheter is a simple, effective, and safe techniquethat can help to maintain asepsis throughout the procedure, especially in field conditions.
Bovine respiratory disease complex; Calves; Diagnostic techniques; Transtracheal wash.
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
LARGE ANIMALS REVIEW
https://www.largeanimalreview.com/index.php/lar/article/view/159
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/765293
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