The sequence for cDNA encoding the NMDA receptor subunit 1 (aptNR1) of the weakly electric fish Apteronotus leptorhynchus has been determined. The deduced amino acid sequence is approximately 88% identical to other vertebrate NR1 proteins, with sequence homology extending to the alternatively spliced cassettes N1 and C1. The fish and mammalian N1 and C1 splice cassettes are identical at 20 of 21 and 30 of 37 amino acid positions, respectively. We did not detect a C2 splice cassette in aptNR1 mRNA, but we did find two novel C-terminal alternative splice cassettes labeled C1' and C1". The relative levels of NR1 transcripts containing the N1 and C1 splice cassettes were determined by using RNase protection and in situ hybridization analysis. N1-containing mRNAs are more abundant in caudal brain regions, similar to the patterns reported for mammalian brain. In contrast, the relative levels of transcripts containing the C1 splice cassette are much lower in fish than in mammals, averaging only 9% for the whole brain. The levels of C1 splicing increased in more rostral brain regions. In situ hybridizations with N1- and C1-specific probes demonstrated that N1 cassette splicing occurs in most neurons but that C1 splicing is heterogeneous and is restricted to a subset of neuronal types in the electrosensory system.
|Titolo:||Alternative RNA Splicing of the NMDA Receptor NR1 mRNA in the Neurons of the Teleost Electrosensory System|
BOTTAI, DANIELE (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Electrosensory system; Evolution; Fish neurons; NMDA receptor; NR1 subunit; RNA splicing|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-lug-1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|