Few studies have considered if a posteriori dietary patterns (DPs) are generalizable across different centers or studies, or if they are consistently seen over time. To date, no systematic search of the literature on these topics has been carried out. A scoping review was conducted through a systematic search on the PubMed database. In the current review, we included the 34 articles examining the extent to which a posteriori DPs were consistently seen: 1) across centers from the same study or across different studies potentially representing different populations or countries (here indicated as cross-study reproducibility) and 2) over longer time periods (i.e., ≥2 y) (here indicated as stability over time). Selected articles (published in 1981-2019, 32% from 2010 onwards) were based on observational studies, mostly from Europe and North America. Five articles were based on children and/or adolescents and 14 articles included adults (2 men; 12 women, of whom 3 were pregnant women). A posteriori DPs were mostly derived (32 articles) with principal component or factor analyses. Among the 9 articles assessing DP reproducibility across studies (number of centers/studies: 2-27; median: 3), 5 provided a formal assessment using statistical methods (4 index-based approaches of different complexity, 1 statistical model). A median of 4 DPs was reproduced across centers/studies (range: 1-7). Among the 25 articles assessing DP stability over time (number of time-occasions: 2-6; median: 3), 19 provided a formal assessment with statistical methods (17 index-based and/or test-based approaches, 1 statistical model, 1 with both strategies). The number and composition of DPs remained mostly stable over time. Based on the limited evidence collected, most identified DPs showed good reproducibility across studies and stability over time. However, when present within the single studies, the criteria for the formal assessment of cross-study reproducibility or stability over time were generally very basic.
Reproducibility of A Posteriori Dietary Patterns across Time and Studies : a Scoping Review / V.C. Edefonti, R. De~Vito, A. Salvatori, F. Bravi, L. Patel, M. Dalmartello, M. Ferraroni. - In: ADVANCES IN NUTRITION. - ISSN 2161-8313. - 11:5(2020 Sep 01), pp. 1255-1281.
|Titolo:||Reproducibility of A Posteriori Dietary Patterns across Time and Studies : a Scoping Review|
EDEFONTI, VALERIA CARLA (Primo) (Corresponding)
FERRARONI, MONICA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||a posteriori dietary patterns; cluster analysis; consistency of dietary patterns; cross-study reproducibility of dietary patterns; factor analysis; generalizability of dietary patterns; reproducibility of dietary patterns; reproducibility of dietary patterns across studies; stability of dietary patterns over time|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-set-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||16-apr-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmaa032|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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