The so-called hybrid catalysts, derived from the combination of transition metal catalysts embedded within a biological environment have recently risen up as a promising approach able to merge the attractive properties of both metal-based catalysis and biocatalysis. Dalbapeptides, such as vancomycin, teicoplanin, ristocetin, are variously substituted heptapeptides whose antibiotic acitivity stems from their binding to the D-Ala-D-Ala dimer of peptidoglycan preocursors thus resulting in the inhibition of cell wall biosynthesis. In this system, indeed, the source of chirality is due to the presence of the aminoacidic chain, but also from the atropoisomerism of their structure. This interaction is marked by such a low dissociation constant (KD = ~10-17 M) that makes dalbapeptides an innovative option to the classical biotin/(strept)avidin second sphere coordination system[2,3]. In this context, aminoethylbenzensulfonamide ligands functionalized with the D-Ala-D-Ala dimer at different positions of the phenyl ring were employed for the synthesis of the hybrid catalysts in association with an iridium centre leading to reductases applied to the asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of cyclic imines. An encouraging 48% (S) e.e. was obtained in the asymmetric reduction of the salsolidine precursor using the meta-hybrid system in NaOAc 0.1 M buffer at pH 5. In the case of the most demanding isoquinoline substrates, the meta-hybrid system afforded the product in an outstanding 71% (S) e.e. in the reduction of quinaldine. This result was obtained by increasing the vancomycin/catalyst ratio to 4:1, underlining the great impact of the second sphere in inducing chirality to the system.
Asymmetric reduction of cyclic imines by a new hybrid catalyst based on an iridium/ Vancomycin system / G. Facchetti, I. Rimoldi. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International School of Chemistry-Web Edition Chemistry for Everyday Life : 1st - 6th September tenutosi a Camerino nel 2020.
|Titolo:||Asymmetric reduction of cyclic imines by a new hybrid catalyst based on an iridium/ Vancomycin system|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2-set-2020|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica|
|Citazione:||Asymmetric reduction of cyclic imines by a new hybrid catalyst based on an iridium/ Vancomycin system / G. Facchetti, I. Rimoldi. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International School of Chemistry-Web Edition Chemistry for Everyday Life : 1st - 6th September tenutosi a Camerino nel 2020.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|