Background: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic approach that has originally been developed to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Recently it has been suggested as a complementary therapy in a wide range of clinical conditions. In particular, affective disorders as bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) have a higher lifetime prevalence of traumatic or stressful life events (SLEs) compared to the general population, which makes them good candidates for the application of EMDR. Methods: A bibliographic search on PUBMED, Scopus, and ScienceDirect of studies applying EMDR to people with a primary diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) (with or without a comorbid PTSD) was conducted. Results: Literature search retrieved 15 studies, of which 3 were focused on BD and 12 on MDD. Overall, they suggest EMDR as an effective tool in reducing trauma-related but also manic and depressive symptoms, with few effect sides and high adherence rates. Limitations: Few small studies exist with heterogeneous and not gold-standard methodology, especially for BD. Conclusions: Overall, retrieved studies can be considered as first attempts at investigating the applicability of EMDR in affective disorders. Although far to be conclusive, preliminary evidence suggests EMDR as a useful adjunctive approach in the treatment of BD and MDD, especially when other treatments have failed. It is now the time to implement such trauma-focused therapy to larger samples of patients using more rigorous methods.
The potential role of EMDR on trauma in affective disorders: A narrative review / C. Perlini, V. Donisi, M.G. Rossetti, C. Moltrasio, M. Bellani, P. Brambilla. - In: JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS. - ISSN 0165-0327. - 269(2020 May 15), pp. 1-11.
|Titolo:||The potential role of EMDR on trauma in affective disorders: A narrative review|
BRAMBILLA, PAOLO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Affective disorders; Bipolar disorder; EMDR; Major depressive disorder; PTSD; Stressful life events; Trauma|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/25 - Psichiatria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-mag-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|