Increasing evidence is being produced about the immunomodulatory role of 25-OH vitamin D on Th1/Th2 balance, T-reg activation and cytokine production in autoimmune diseases. We evaluated vitamin D levels and its receptor (VDR), as well as immunomodulatory cytokines in patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), Evans' syndrome (ES), and chronic idiopathic neutropenia (CIN). We enrolled 103 patients, median age 59 years (range 17-86), 32 males and 71 females; clinical history, physical examination, complete blood count, serum samples and informed consent were collected at the time of enrolment. The number of immunosuppressive therapy lines (steroids, immunosuppressors, rituximab, splenectomy, and thrombopoietin agonists for ITP) were retrospectively collected. 25-OH vitamin D, VDR, and immunomodulatory cytokines levels were evaluated in serum from all patients and 40 age and sex matched healthy controls, using ELISA kits. Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t test for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables. Hematologic parameters, vitamin D, VDR and cytokine levels of 44 ITP patients, 35 AIHA, 19 CIN, and 5 Evans syndrome are shown in Table. 25-OH vitamin D levels were significantly lower (2.3±1.8 vs 6±6 ng/mL, mean±SD, p<0.001) and VDR significantly higher (mean 26.5±0.9 versus 20,9±1.0 pg/mL; p>0.001) in patients than in controls, regardless sex, age and type of cytopenia (Table). No relationship was found among vitamin D levels and hemoglobin, platelets and ANCs values at enrollment for AIHA, ITP and CIN patients. Likewise VDR levels were not associated with hematological parameters. However, 20 ITP with very low vitamin D levels (<1.3 ng/mL, lower limit of controls) displayed reduced platelets counts compared with the remaining 24 (74±42 x103/mL versus 114±89, p=0.04), irrespective of the bleeding history (positive in 31 patients). As regards cytokines levels (Table), the following differences were found versus controls: IL-6, IL-10 and IL-17 serum levels were higher in AIHA and ITP, significantly for the former two cytokines; IFN-g was increased in all hematologic cytopenias, significantly in CIN. Finally, TNF-a was significantly reduced in AIHA, ITP and CIN patients versus controls. Cytokine levels showed no relationship with vitamin D and VDR levels, nor with the hematologic parameters. However, AIHA cases with Hb <10g/dL at enrollment displayed increased IL-17 levels, although not significantly. Moreover CIN cases with ANCs<1x103/mcL showed higher IL-6 and lower TNF-a compared to those with higher ANCs. Among ITP patients, those with platelets <100.000/mcL showed reduced values of IL-6 and IFN-g.

25-Oh Vitamin D, Vitamin D Receptor and Immunomodulatory Cytokines Serum Levels in Patients with Autoimmune Citopenias: Correlation with Hematologic Parameters and Clinical Severity / B. Fattizzo, A. Zaninoni, P. Bianchi, E. Fermo, F. Nesa, W. Barcellini. - In: BLOOD. - ISSN 0006-4971. - 124:21(2014), pp. 1-1. ((Intervento presentato al 56. convegno Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Hematology tenutosi a San Francisco nel 2014 [10.1182/blood.V124.21.4004.4004].

25-Oh Vitamin D, Vitamin D Receptor and Immunomodulatory Cytokines Serum Levels in Patients with Autoimmune Citopenias: Correlation with Hematologic Parameters and Clinical Severity

B. Fattizzo
;
E. Fermo;F. Nesa;
2014

Abstract

Increasing evidence is being produced about the immunomodulatory role of 25-OH vitamin D on Th1/Th2 balance, T-reg activation and cytokine production in autoimmune diseases. We evaluated vitamin D levels and its receptor (VDR), as well as immunomodulatory cytokines in patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), Evans' syndrome (ES), and chronic idiopathic neutropenia (CIN). We enrolled 103 patients, median age 59 years (range 17-86), 32 males and 71 females; clinical history, physical examination, complete blood count, serum samples and informed consent were collected at the time of enrolment. The number of immunosuppressive therapy lines (steroids, immunosuppressors, rituximab, splenectomy, and thrombopoietin agonists for ITP) were retrospectively collected. 25-OH vitamin D, VDR, and immunomodulatory cytokines levels were evaluated in serum from all patients and 40 age and sex matched healthy controls, using ELISA kits. Statistical analysis was performed using Student's t test for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables. Hematologic parameters, vitamin D, VDR and cytokine levels of 44 ITP patients, 35 AIHA, 19 CIN, and 5 Evans syndrome are shown in Table. 25-OH vitamin D levels were significantly lower (2.3±1.8 vs 6±6 ng/mL, mean±SD, p<0.001) and VDR significantly higher (mean 26.5±0.9 versus 20,9±1.0 pg/mL; p>0.001) in patients than in controls, regardless sex, age and type of cytopenia (Table). No relationship was found among vitamin D levels and hemoglobin, platelets and ANCs values at enrollment for AIHA, ITP and CIN patients. Likewise VDR levels were not associated with hematological parameters. However, 20 ITP with very low vitamin D levels (<1.3 ng/mL, lower limit of controls) displayed reduced platelets counts compared with the remaining 24 (74±42 x103/mL versus 114±89, p=0.04), irrespective of the bleeding history (positive in 31 patients). As regards cytokines levels (Table), the following differences were found versus controls: IL-6, IL-10 and IL-17 serum levels were higher in AIHA and ITP, significantly for the former two cytokines; IFN-g was increased in all hematologic cytopenias, significantly in CIN. Finally, TNF-a was significantly reduced in AIHA, ITP and CIN patients versus controls. Cytokine levels showed no relationship with vitamin D and VDR levels, nor with the hematologic parameters. However, AIHA cases with Hb <10g/dL at enrollment displayed increased IL-17 levels, although not significantly. Moreover CIN cases with ANCs<1x103/mcL showed higher IL-6 and lower TNF-a compared to those with higher ANCs. Among ITP patients, those with platelets <100.000/mcL showed reduced values of IL-6 and IFN-g.
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/758867
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