Climate change and competition among water users are increasingly leading to a reduction of water availability for irrigation; at the same time, traditionally non-irrigated crops require irrigation to achieve high quality standards. In the context of precision agriculture, particular attention is given to the optimization of on-farm irrigation management, based on the knowledge of within-field variability of crop and soil properties, to increase crop yield quality and ensure an efficient water use. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) imagery is used in precision agriculture to monitor crop variability, but in the case of row-crops, image post-processing is required to separate crop rows from soil background and weeds. This study focuses on the crop row detection and extraction from images acquired through a UAV during the cropping season of 2018. Thresholding algorithms, classification algorithms, and Bayesian segmentation are tested and compared on three different crop types, namely grapevine, pear, and tomato, for analyzing the suitability of these methods with respect to the characteristics of each crop. The obtained results are promising, with overall accuracy greater than 90% and producer's accuracy over 85% for the class "crop canopy". The methods' performances vary according to the crop types, input data, and parameters used. Some important outcomes can be pointed out from our study: NIR information does not give any particular added value, and RGB sensors should be preferred to identify crop rows; the presence of shadows in the inter-row distances may affect crop detection on vineyards. Finally, the best methodologies to be adopted for practical applications are discussed.

Crop row detection through UAV surveys to optimize on-farm irrigation management / G. Ronchetti, A. Mayer, A. Facchi, B. Ortuani, G. Sona. - In: REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 2072-4292. - 12:12(2020).

Crop row detection through UAV surveys to optimize on-farm irrigation management

A. Mayer;A. Facchi;B. Ortuani;
2020

Abstract

Climate change and competition among water users are increasingly leading to a reduction of water availability for irrigation; at the same time, traditionally non-irrigated crops require irrigation to achieve high quality standards. In the context of precision agriculture, particular attention is given to the optimization of on-farm irrigation management, based on the knowledge of within-field variability of crop and soil properties, to increase crop yield quality and ensure an efficient water use. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) imagery is used in precision agriculture to monitor crop variability, but in the case of row-crops, image post-processing is required to separate crop rows from soil background and weeds. This study focuses on the crop row detection and extraction from images acquired through a UAV during the cropping season of 2018. Thresholding algorithms, classification algorithms, and Bayesian segmentation are tested and compared on three different crop types, namely grapevine, pear, and tomato, for analyzing the suitability of these methods with respect to the characteristics of each crop. The obtained results are promising, with overall accuracy greater than 90% and producer's accuracy over 85% for the class "crop canopy". The methods' performances vary according to the crop types, input data, and parameters used. Some important outcomes can be pointed out from our study: NIR information does not give any particular added value, and RGB sensors should be preferred to identify crop rows; the presence of shadows in the inter-row distances may affect crop detection on vineyards. Finally, the best methodologies to be adopted for practical applications are discussed.
Crop row; DEM; Precision agriculture; RGB; UAV; Vegetation indices
Settore AGR/08 - Idraulica Agraria e Sistemazioni Idraulico-Forestali
Settore ICAR/06 - Topografia e Cartografia
Tecniche di irrigazione d di concimazione di precisione in frutti viticoltura e orticoltura
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/757924
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