Objectives Pain is very common among older persons living in nursing home, affecting 45% to 80% of residents, interfering with daily activities and quality of life. Aims of the study are: 1) to measure the analgesics non-prescription in nursing home residents who present pain symptoms; 2) to identify the main determinants of analgesics non-prescription. Design Retrospective cross-sectional analysis. Setting Data from an observational study (‘Incidence of pNeumonia and related ConseqUences in nursing home Residents’ [INCUR] study). Participants 800 older persons living in 13 French nursing homes. Measurments Pain symptoms were definied by one of the following criteria: i) Presence of pain affecting the individual’s function in the Activities of Daily Living; ii) Presence of daily pain, and/or; iii) Severe pain measured with a visual analogue scale. Results Among the patients originally included in the study, 288 (36%) reported pain symptomatology (mean age 86.9 [SD 7.2] years, 220 (76%) participants women). Amongst these, 138 (47.9%) were treated with non-opioid analgesic drugs, 52 (18.1%) with opioids, and 98 (34%) did not receive any analgesic prescription. An adjusted logistic regression analysis found that the strongest determinant of analgesics non-prescription was the number of concomitantly prescribed drugs (p<0.001). Age, education, and frailty were not associated with prescription of analgesic drugs. Conclusions Pain undertreatment is very common among older persons living in nursing homes. The number of prescribed medications represents the most relevant risk factor for the analgesics non-prescription. Our findings document the importance of reviewing prescriptions in nursing home residents.

Pain Management in Nursing Home Residents: Results from the Incur Study / V. Nunziata, M. Proietti, E. Saporiti, L. Calcaterra, Y. Rolland, B. Vellas, M. Cesari. - In: THE JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, HEALTH & AGING. - ISSN 1279-7707. - (2020), pp. 1-4. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s12603-020-1443-z]

Pain Management in Nursing Home Residents: Results from the Incur Study

V. Nunziata
Primo
;
M. Proietti
Secondo
;
E. Saporiti;L. Calcaterra;M. Cesari
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

Objectives Pain is very common among older persons living in nursing home, affecting 45% to 80% of residents, interfering with daily activities and quality of life. Aims of the study are: 1) to measure the analgesics non-prescription in nursing home residents who present pain symptoms; 2) to identify the main determinants of analgesics non-prescription. Design Retrospective cross-sectional analysis. Setting Data from an observational study (‘Incidence of pNeumonia and related ConseqUences in nursing home Residents’ [INCUR] study). Participants 800 older persons living in 13 French nursing homes. Measurments Pain symptoms were definied by one of the following criteria: i) Presence of pain affecting the individual’s function in the Activities of Daily Living; ii) Presence of daily pain, and/or; iii) Severe pain measured with a visual analogue scale. Results Among the patients originally included in the study, 288 (36%) reported pain symptomatology (mean age 86.9 [SD 7.2] years, 220 (76%) participants women). Amongst these, 138 (47.9%) were treated with non-opioid analgesic drugs, 52 (18.1%) with opioids, and 98 (34%) did not receive any analgesic prescription. An adjusted logistic regression analysis found that the strongest determinant of analgesics non-prescription was the number of concomitantly prescribed drugs (p<0.001). Age, education, and frailty were not associated with prescription of analgesic drugs. Conclusions Pain undertreatment is very common among older persons living in nursing homes. The number of prescribed medications represents the most relevant risk factor for the analgesics non-prescription. Our findings document the importance of reviewing prescriptions in nursing home residents.
older persons; pain; analgesics; drug prescription; nursing homes.
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
2020
13-lug-2020
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/752958
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