A knowledge of the blood groups and alloantibodies present is essential for the safe transfusion of blood products in horses. Pre-transfusion screening and blood typing minimizes the risk of incompatible RBC transfusions and prevents immunization of the recipient against incompatible RBC antigens. The frequencies of blood groups can vary among different breeds. Knowledge of a breed's blood group prevalence can be very useful for identifying the best blood donors during transfusion in clinical practice. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of the Ca blood type in horses from Italy using a monoclonal immunocromatographic method and to estimate the prevalence of anti-Ca alloantibodies in Ca- horses using agglutination on gel technique. Ca blood type was determined on 110 whole blood samples. The prevalence of the Ca+ blood type was 79.1%. This study also provides data about the prevalence of Ca+ blood group in Italian Saddle Horses (77,3%) and Dutch Warmblood (58,3%). No significant association was found between Ca blood type and sex with 79.5% and 78.8% of females and males testing Ca+, respectively. The total number of Ca- samples with detectable anti-Ca alloantibodies was 7/23 (30.4%).

Prevalence of Ca Blood Type and Alloantibodies in a Population of Horses from Italy / D. Proverbio, R. Perego, L. Baggiani, F. Ferrucci, E. Zucca, F. Nobile, E. Spada. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 10:7(2020 Jul 13), pp. 1179.1-1179.10.

Prevalence of Ca Blood Type and Alloantibodies in a Population of Horses from Italy

D. Proverbio
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
R. Perego
;
L. Baggiani;F. Ferrucci;E. Zucca;E. Spada
2020-07-13

Abstract

A knowledge of the blood groups and alloantibodies present is essential for the safe transfusion of blood products in horses. Pre-transfusion screening and blood typing minimizes the risk of incompatible RBC transfusions and prevents immunization of the recipient against incompatible RBC antigens. The frequencies of blood groups can vary among different breeds. Knowledge of a breed's blood group prevalence can be very useful for identifying the best blood donors during transfusion in clinical practice. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of the Ca blood type in horses from Italy using a monoclonal immunocromatographic method and to estimate the prevalence of anti-Ca alloantibodies in Ca- horses using agglutination on gel technique. Ca blood type was determined on 110 whole blood samples. The prevalence of the Ca+ blood type was 79.1%. This study also provides data about the prevalence of Ca+ blood group in Italian Saddle Horses (77,3%) and Dutch Warmblood (58,3%). No significant association was found between Ca blood type and sex with 79.5% and 78.8% of females and males testing Ca+, respectively. The total number of Ca- samples with detectable anti-Ca alloantibodies was 7/23 (30.4%).
Italy; alloantibodies; blood group; blood type; breed prevalence; equine; neonatal isoerythrolysis
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/752402
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