Cell polarity is crucial for the correct structural and functional organization of epithelial tissue. Its disruption can lead to loss of the apicobasal polarity, alteration in the intracellular components, misregulation of the pathways involved in cell proliferation and cancer promotion. Very recent in vitro/in vivo findings demonstrated that obesity-associated alterations in tissue adipokines protein level negatively affect epithelial polarity. We performed an in silico study to investigate whether such alterations also occur in surgical samples. We aimed to explore the relationship among the expression of the genes coding for leptin (LEP), adiponectin (ADIPOQ), adipokine receptors (LEPR, ADIPOR1, ADIPOR2), and a panel of polarity-associated genes in normal tissue from breast reduction mammoplasty, and a series of paired samples of histologically normal (HN) tissue and invasive cancer. Results indicated that, in normal tissue, the expression of adipokines and their receptors negatively correlated with that of the polarity-associated genes and GGT1, which codes for γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) enzyme, a marker of cell distress and membrane disruption. This negative correlation progressively decreased in HN and cancerous tissue, and loss of correlation between ADIPOR2 and polarity-associated genes appeared the most noticeable alteration. Given the growing role of obesity in breast cancer etiology and the opposite action of leptin and adiponectin in epithelial tissue remodeling, ADIPOR2 loss could be addressed as a key mechanism leading to an unbalanced leptin stimulatory activity, subsequent cell polarity disruption and eventually tumor initiation, a finding that requires to be confirmed also at the protein level and with in vivo models.
Adipokines expression and epithelial cell polarity in normal and cancerous breast tissue / D. Coradini, S. Gambazza, S. Oriana, F. Ambrogi. - In: CARCINOGENESIS. - ISSN 0143-3334. - (2020 Jun 17). [Epub ahead of print]
|Titolo:||Adipokines expression and epithelial cell polarity in normal and cancerous breast tissue|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-giu-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgaa060|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|