The aim of this paper is to discuss the current evidence regarding short and long-term health respiratory effects of nutrients and dietary patterns during the first 1000 days from conception. Population of interest included children from birth to two years and their mothers (during pregnancy and lactation). Studies were searched on MEDLINE® and Cochrane database, inserting individually and using the Boolean ANDs and ORs, ‘nutrients’, ‘micronutrients’, ‘LC-PUFA’, ‘Mediterranean Diet’, ‘human milk’, ‘complementary food’, ‘pregnancy’, ‘respiratory disease’, ‘pulmonary disease’, ‘asthma’, ‘epigenetics’, ‘first 1000 days’, ‘maternal diet’ and ‘respiratory health’. All sources were retrieved between 01-09-2015 and 07-12-2016. While unhealthy maternal dietary patterns (high fat intake) during pregnancy can result in alteration of foetal lung development, with increased risk of respiratory disorders, Mediterranean diet has been associated with a lower risk of allergic sensitisation and allergic rhinitis. Breastfeeding has beneficial effects on respiratory infections while evidences about its protective effect on allergic disorders are unclear. During complementary feeding there is no evidence to avoid or encourage exposition to ‘highly allergenic’ foods to have modification of tolerance development. In children from birth to two years of age, Mediterranean diet has been associated with a lower risk of atopy, wheezing and asthma. Micronutrients, antioxidant and LCPUFA supplementation is not recommended and a whole food approach should be preferred, except for Vitamin D.
Nutrition in the first 1000 days and respiratory health : a descriptive review of the last five years’ literature / E. Verduci, A. Martelli, V.L. Miniello, M. Landi, B. Mariani, M. Brambilla, L. Diaferio, D.G. Peroni. - In: ALLERGOLOGIA ET IMMUNOPATHOLOGIA. - ISSN 0301-0546. - 45:4(2017 Aug), pp. 405-413.
|Titolo:||Nutrition in the first 1000 days and respiratory health : a descriptive review of the last five years’ literature|
VERDUCI, ELVIRA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Epigenetic; First 1000 days; Human milk; Maternal diet; Mediterranean diet; Micronutrients; Nutrition; Respiratory disease; Respiratory health; Asthma; Breast Feeding; Child, Preschool; Diet, Mediterranean; Female; Food; Food Hypersensitivity; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Milk, Human; Pregnancy; Respiratory Tract Infections; Risk; Vitamin D|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2017.01.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|