Indocyanine green is a fluorescent dye with a strong emission in the near infrared spectral range that allows deep signal penetration and minimal interference of tissue autofluorescence. It has been employed in clinics for different applications, among which the more interesting is certainly the near infrared fluorescence image-guided surgery. This technique has found wide application in surgical oncology for lymph nodes mapping or for laparoscopic surgery. Despite indocyanine green is useful for tracking loco-regional lymph nodes, it does not provide any information about cancer involvement of such lymph nodes or lymphatic vessels, lacking any tumor targeting specificity. However, the clinical need in surgical oncology is not only a specific tracking of metastatic nodes, but also the intraoperative detection of micro-metastatic deposits. Here, we have exploited a nanotechnological solution to improve indocyanine green usefulness by its encapsulation in H-Ferritin nanocages. They are natural protein-based nanoparticles that exhibits some very interesting features as delivery system in oncological applications since they display specific tumor homing. We show that H-ferritin loaded with ICG exhibits specific uptake into different cancer cell lines and is able to deliver ICG to the tumor more efficiently than the free dye in an in vivo model of TNBC. Our results pave the way for the application of ICG loaded H-ferritin in fluorescence image-guided surgery of cancer.
Development of tumor-targeted indocyanine green-loaded Ferritin Nanoparticles for intraoperative detection of cancers / L. Sitia, M. Sevieri, A. Bonizzi, R. Allevi, C.F. Morasso, D. Foschi, F.R.M. Corsi, S. Mazzucchelli. - In: ACS OMEGA. - ISSN 2470-1343. - 5:21(2020 Jun 02), pp. 12035-12045.
|Titolo:||Development of tumor-targeted indocyanine green-loaded Ferritin Nanoparticles for intraoperative detection of cancers|
CORSI, FABIO RUGGERO MARIA (Corresponding)
MAZZUCCHELLI, SERENA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||indocyanine green, nanoparticle, ferritin nanocages, cancer|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
|Data di pubblicazione:||2-giu-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.0c00244|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|