Pesticides represent an economical, labor-saving, and efficient tool for pest management, but their intrinsic toxic properties may endanger workers and the general population. Risk assessment is necessary, and biological monitoring represents a potentially valuable tool. Several international agencies propose biological exposure indices (BEI), especially for substances which are commonly absorbed through the skin. Biological monitoring for pesticide exposure and risk assessment seems a natural choice, but biological exposure limits (BEL) for pesticides are lacking. This study aims at establishing equivalent biological exposure limits (EBEL) for pesticides using real-life field data and the Acceptable Operator Exposure Level (AOEL) of mancozeb as the reference. This study included a group of 16 vineyard pesticide applicators from Northern Italy, a subgroup of a more extensive study of 28 applicators. Their exposure was estimated using “patch” and “hand-wash” methodologies, together with biological monitoring of free ethylene-bis-thiourea (ETU) excretion in 24-h pre- and post-exposure urine samples. Modeling was done using univariate linear regression with ETU excretion as the dependent variable and the estimated absorbed dose as the independent variable. The median skin deposition of mancozeb in our study population was 125 μg, leading to a median absorbed dose of 0.9 μg/kg. The median post-exposure ETU excretion was 3.7 μg. The modeled EBEL for mancozeb was 148 μg of free ETU or 697 μg of total ETU, accounting for around 75% of the maximum theoretical excretion based on a mass balance model. Although preliminary and based on a small population of low-exposed workers, our results demonstrate a procedure to develop strongly needed biological exposure limits for pesticides.
Establishing health-based biological exposure limits for pesticides : A proof of principle study using mancozeb / S. Mandic-Rajcevic, F.M. Rubino, C. Colosio. - In: REGULATORY TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0273-2300. - 115(2020 Aug), pp. 104689.1-104689.8.
|Titolo:||Establishing health-based biological exposure limits for pesticides : A proof of principle study using mancozeb|
MANDIC-RAJCEVIC, STEFAN (Primo) (Corresponding)
RUBINO, FEDERICO MARIA (Secondo)
COLOSIO, CLAUDIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Biological limit values; ETU; Exposure assessment; Health risk assessment; Mancozeb|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/44 - Medicina del Lavoro|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2020.104689|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|