The use of the warp-weighted loom in Anatolia, the Aegean and Cyprus since the Early Bronze Age is attested by archaeological evidence, indicating that it was the main weaving technology in use in the area. However, the situation in the Levant during the Bronze Age was completely different: interactions between different weaving methods are known since at least the Middle Bronze Age (MBA), when loom-weights indicate the introduction of the warp-weighted loom and continued use of the traditional Syro-Mesopotamian horizontal ground-loom. The new technique of the two-beam vertical loom, later well documented by iconographic representations in Egypt, was also probably present. The distribution and types of textile implements found in the Syro-Palestinian regions also suggest that the evolution of the new loom types probably occurred in specific zones of interaction, along the southern coast, in the ‘Amuq Valley and in the Nile Delta, where the cultural and commercial relations between the Aegean, Cyprus and the Anatolian plateau were stronger. From a socio-economic perspective the presence of the warp-weighted loom in the Levant during the MBA seems to be a phenomenon mainly associated with a restricted group of craftsmen linked to palace organisation, possibly reflecting specific textile products and/or a distinct sector of the local textile industry.
Mediterranean Interconnections: Weaving Technologies during the Middle Bronze Age / L. Peyronel (ORIENTAL AND EUROPEAN ARCHAEOLOGY). - In: Textile Workers : Skills, Labour and Status of Textile Craftpeople between the Prehistoric Aegean and the Ancient Near East / [a cura di] L. Quillien, K. Sarri. - Prima edizione. - Vienna : Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, 2020. - ISBN 9783700181385. - pp. 45-57 (( Intervento presentato al 10. convegno ICAANE tenutosi a Wien nel 2016.
|Titolo:||Mediterranean Interconnections: Weaving Technologies during the Middle Bronze Age|
PEYRONEL, LUCA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Levant; Middle Bronze Age; textile manufacture; loom-weights|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore L-OR/05 - Archeologia e Storia Dell'Arte Del Vicino Oriente Antico|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|